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BORN AUGUST i8, 185 1 
DIED MARCH 7, 1921 




"There is no death! The stais go doKii 
To rise upon some other shore; 
And bright in Heaven's jeweled crown 
They shine forevennore." 


An Epitome 

HIS chief characteristics were his i<een sense of duty, 
his self-sacrifice, his unselfishness and devotion to 
the interests of his friends and to any cause that 
enlisted his sympathy. Many men are liberal in money 
and generous in gifts; he was all that, but in addition 
gave his time and personal labor at great sacrifice, not 
seeking by his liberality to private or public charities to 
purchase immunity from personal effort. 

He gave money and personal effort botii. He did good 
for the love of it. He sought no praise nor recompense, 
for the consciousness of the act bore to him its own 

"The bravest lives are those to duty wed, 

Whose deeds both great and small 
Are close-knit strands of an unbroken thread 

Where love ennobles all. 
The world may sound no trumpet, ring no bells. 
The book of life the shining record tells." 

C. L. V. N. 



An Epitome vu 

By Charles L. Van Noppen 

An Appreciation 3 

By Charles L. Van Noppen 

A Memorial — Union Theological Seminary .... 13 

The Religious and Benevolent Work of Mr. Watts . 18 
By Walter W. Moore, D.D. 

Eulogy 25 

By Edward R. Leyburn, D.D. 

Prayer 33 

By Walter W. Moore, D.D. 

Extracts from the Press 37 

Watts-Beall Marriage 49 

The (First) Watts Hospital 55 

The (Second) Watts Hospital 71 

Honors 91 

Resolutions — Sunday-schools, Missions, Educational 97 

Resolutions — Civic and Business 133 

First Presbyterian Church 153 

There is No Death 157 


"To live in hearts we leave behind is not to die" 


^ULLY to appreciate the character of any man it 
is essential to study his environment; but to 
appreciate the character of George Washington 
Watts it is essential to study his environment 
almost exclusively, for to an extent uncommon 
even among highly successful men he created his environment 
as he went along. A constructive genius par excellence, the 
impact of his powerful personality upon the State of North 
Carolina has left an impression that traces his spiritual linea- 
ments more faithfully than anything that he said or wrote. It 
would be utterly futile to attempt to write the life of Mr. Watts 
by chronicling merely his personal history; it would be equiva- 
lent to writing a life of Napoleon by confining one's self to the 
gossip of the court, ignoring the sweep of the vast events that 
shook the world beyond the sight or the hearing of the imme- 
diate entourage of the emperor. 

For the significance of Mr. Watts's life is not in his words but 
in his deeds. Like most men of action, he was chary of words. 
When he spoke or wrote it was for the purpose of conveying an 
idea, never for the mere joy of self-expression; and his language 
was the simplest and most direct at his command. Modest to 
a fault, he would have abhorred the idea of exploiting his own 

personality through the medium of ornate discourse. He de- 
tested the expedients often resorted to by lesser men to obtain 
notoriety. For himself he had little or nothing to say. His 
works speak for him. 

But it is impossible for an intelligence so powerful and so 
active to exist for seventy years in any commonwealth without 
modifying its history profoundly; and he who hath eyes to 
see can read in the history of North Carolina the record of 
what George Watts meant to the State. Not that the man's 
personality is thrust forward blatantly, even there; it is neces- 
sary to have eyes that see beyond the crudely obvious to com- 
prehend all that his work meant. 

This work was nothing less than being one of the major 
forces in the raising of a prostrate commonwealth and the 
construction of a new civilization on the ruins of one that had 
perished. When George Watts came to North Carolina, the 
State was as near to dissolution as a State can come and sur- 
vive at all. When he died it was richer, more populous, more 
powerful, and more highly civilized than it had been in its most 
glorious days of the ante bellum period. A miracle of state- 
craft had been performed; and it is the purpose of the following 
sketch to trace briefly the great part taken by George Washing- 
ton Watts in working that miracle. 


Nine years prior to the holocaust in Vv'hich the Old South per- 
ished, in the little town of Cumberland, Maryland, on August 
18, 1851, a son was born to Gerard S. Watts, a citizen of Balti- 
more, and Annie, his wife, in the name they gave him, George 
Washington, they unconsciously bore witness to the stout 
Americanism that was in the blood of this old English stock; 
and in sending their son, for his elementary training, to the 
public schools of the city of Baltimore they testified to their 
belief in democracy, for Gerard S. Watts was a man of means, 
able to pay for private tutors had he wished his son to be 
brought up in that way. In the public schools the boy came 
into contact with the life of the country as he never would have 


done under private tutorship; and it is therefore probable that 
even in those early days he gained the first rudiments of that 
understanding of human nature that he was to exhibit so 
marvelously in his maturity. 

The war had just ended; but one of the few things it had 
left untouched in the ravaged South was the renown of the 
University of Virginia. It still stood high above all the rest. 
The great universities of the North had not yet climbed to the 
dizzy eminences they reached a generation later, and Char- 
lottesville was still preeminently the place for a gentleman of 
means to send his son. Thither, accordingly, young George 
Watts was sent, and there he was graduated in 187 1. He had 
taken a course in civil engineering — which may account for that 
passion for construction that later distinguished him, and which 
he showed even in adolescence. 

But his labors as a builder were not to be done with rod and 
chain, with transit and level. Instead of the uproar of a con- 
struction camp he was destined to plan his campaigns and to 
fight his battles at a desk in a quiet office. Not immediately, 
however; for there was an interval of seven years to be spent in 
a contact with the great American public which would prove 
to be even more intimate than that of the public schools. Mr. 
Watts went "on the road," a traveling representative of his 
father's tobacco business. Here he undoubtedly supplemented 
and rounded out his university training with an education in 
the ways of men and of business that could not have been pur- 
chased for any amount of money. 

However, not even the strenuous training of the road and the 
formidable task of learning the tobacco business from top to 
bottom could distract him from attention to those aspects of 
life which were deeper and more important even than those. 
This is evidenced by his marriage at Cumberland, on October 
19, 1875, to Miss Laura Valinda Beall, whom the newspapers 
hailed in the quaint style of the day as one of the belles of Cum- 
berland. The gentleness and quiet culture of her life was an 
inspiration to all of Mr. Watts's efforts throughout their forty 
years of wedded happiness. 

Three years later Mr. Watts had completed his apprentice- 
ship. Public schools, university, and the hardest school of all, 
the school of the road, had left him fit and ready in 1878 to 
enter upon the larger stage where he was to play so great a part. 


In 1878, in Durham, North Carolina, the tobacco manufactur- 
ing firm of W. Duke & Sons was struggling under severe handi- 
caps. It was directed by men of genius and was turning out a 
good product, but it was choked for lack of capital. Few could 
see in the little tobacco concern the germ of an organization 
that would one day overshadow the world. But the elder Watts 
was one of the exceptional men of his time; he saw in W. Duke 
& Sons what others could not see — great possibilities, provided 
capital was supplied. He supplied it, taking in exchange a one 
fifth interest in the business for his son. 

It was thus that young George Watts came to Durham and 
that he became affiliated with Washington Duke and his aston- 
ishing progeny. Seven years later the concern became W. Duke 
Sons & Company, with George W. Watts as secretary and treas- 
urer; and five years after that, in 1890, it became the backbone 
of the American Tobacco Company. This was now building 
with a wonderfully rapid progression. The little one-horse outfit 
that the keen eye of the elder Watts had singled out from among 
hundreds of competitors apparently of equal, or better, pros- 
pects, within a dozen years was to become a colossus that be- 
strode the world. No corner of the earth was too remote for its 
representatives to penetrate. No language spoken by civilized 
men but included its name in its vocabulary. 

But even the rearing of the gigantic tobacco corporation was 
not sufl^cient to absorb all the energies of Mr. Watts, and, 
indeed, after its growth had reached a certain point, not even 
the major portion of them. He was forever building. Rail- 
roads, cotton factories, banks, and other enterprises, almost 
innumerable, sprang up under his hands, struck root into the 
North Carolina soil, flourished, and grew. He organized the 
Commonwealth Club at Durham, and out of that came the 


Lynchburg and Durham, the Oxford and Durham, and the 
Durham and Northern railroads. He had a hand in the crea- 
tion of the Pearl Cotton Mills, the Erwin Cotton Mills, the 
Golden Belt Manufacturing Company, the Durham Cotton 
Manufacturing Company, the Mayo Cotton Mills, the Coolee- 
mee Cotton Mills, the Golden Belt Bag Manufacturing Com- 
pany, the Durham Loan and Trust Company, and a host of 
other enterprises. 

But the list of mere names carries no significance. To say 
that Mr. Watts organized so many companies and that the 
companies carried on such and such enterprises is not to touch 
the heart of the subject at all. What he did was to help to 
organize a broken and all but hopeless commonwealth — to set 
it to work again, and to infuse the despairing with hope. For 
he did not merely organize companies; he breathed the breath 
of life into them so that they lived and prospered. Around the 
Watts enterprises sprang up homes, and through the Watts 
enterprises wealth began to flow into the State. Besides, thou- 
sands and thousands of men found in them an outlet for their 
energies and a return for their labors. 

Slowly, during these decades, the State began to revive. 
Gradually the waste places were built up. Little by little North 
Carolina emerged from the blackness of her desolation into the 
light of a new day; and as the full light of dawn burst upon her, 
as strength and vigor began to pour at flood tide through her 
once flaccid veins, the builder who had striven so mightily, 
albeit so quietly, in her behalf, quietly laid aside his tools and 
entered into rest. 

The final settlement of his account is between him and the 
Master Builder; but surely mankind, looking upon his work 
with human eyes, must see that it is good. 

In the city of Durham stands a magnificent group of buildings, 
the property of the citizens of Durham, but in a peculiar sense 
the property of the poorest among them, the poor who are 
poorer than the simply penniless, the poor who are bereft of 


health as well as of money. This group is the Watts Hospital, 
open to any man who needs it, regardless of his ability to pay 
for its service. It cost in the neighborhood of a million in cash; 
but it cost more than the money — it exacted of the man who 
built it a keenness of vision that could see beyond the business 
of money-making, a largeness of spirit that could grasp the con- 
ception of stewardship. A million dollars are not easy to find, 
but easier this than to find the spiritual qualities which are 
needed before a rich man can rise to so high a sense of his obli- 
gation to his less fortunate brethren. 

In an old English graveyard there is a legended tomb whose 
inscription has become famous the world around. It reads: 
"What I gave, I have; what 1 spent, 1 had; what I kept, I lost." 
Many men, once dead, are, strictly speaking, not worth the cost 
of the monuments erected over their graves, for there is no 
pocket in a shroud. But Mr. Watts was one of those fortunate 
ones who have discovered the secret of remaining a millionaire, 
even in the tomb; for his benefactions are his so long as grati- 
tude springs from the hearts of men. 

Is it any wonder that, as his long life drew toward its close, 
this hospital became the joy and pride of his heart? He had 
built huge factories and great banking houses and railroads and 
many other business enterprises; but those were all a part of 
the day's work. He neither expected nor desired that men 
should know him by those things. But into this he put, not 
merely his genius and his energy, but also his heart. It repre- 
sented more of the real Watts, the Watts that so sedulously kept 
out of the glare of publicity, than anything else among the nu- 
merous enterprises that grew under his hands. 

Not that it was by any means unique. On the contrary, the 
list of his benefactions during his lifetime is long and impres- 
sive. From Durham to the Lutheran mission at Guntur, India, 
he spread his bounty. But this was the thing closest at hand, 
here he could sec most clearly the benefits that flowed from his 
charity; and it is here, among his fellow-townsmen, undoubt- 
edly, that he would have preferred that his good works should 
keep his memory green. 



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It is no part of the plan of this brief sketch to enlarge upon 
his benevolence. Large donations to the Union Theological 
Seminary, to Davidson College, to Flora Macdonald College, 
to Barium Springs Orphanage, to the various benevolences of 
his church, capped by a bequest of 1 150,000 to the First Pres- 
byterian Church of Durham and also 1 10,000 to the Durham 
Y.M.C.A., besides |20o,ooo to add to the endowment of the 
Watts Hospital, are only the principal items of a splendid list. 

For his service was more than money. It was pioneer work. 
Never before had a rich North Carolinian risen to so high a 
standard of generosity. His conception of service to his kind 
has blazed a path that will surely not remain untrodden. He 
has given to his State more than money — he has left it an ideal ! 


But the story is not yet told. Down through the corridors of 
the ages still thunders the ruthless Apostle: "Though 1 have 
the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries; . . . and 
though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains; 
. . . and though I bestow all my goods to feed the poor, and 
though I give my body to be burned, and have not charity, it 
profiteth me nothing." Napoleon also wrought great works, 
and plunged into statecraft, and even erected shelters for the 
friendless; yet after a hundred years his name is accursed. 
George Watts might have been never so great a business genius, 
never so mighty a prop to a tottering State, never so generous 
a contributor of alms, and still have been a man whose foot- 
steps no God-fearing father would direct his son to follow. 

But George Watts, though a giant towering even among the 
gigantic race of American business men, never for a moment 
lost his faith in a Power that was mightier than he. It was 
grounded in him from infancy. Back in the old home in Mary- 
land, under the tutelage of a godly father and mother, he had 
been instructed in the doctrines of the church. His people were 
Lutherans, and he was confirmed in that faith in 1868, in the 
Second Church in Baltimore; by letter he transferred his mem- 
bership to the First Presbyterian Church of Durham, but his 


affection for the old church never died, as is evidenced by the 
fact that later, when he had become a power in the business 
world, he contributed to it I2000 toward the purchase of an 
organ and $4000 for a parsonage, and at different times he gave 
a total of $31,000 to that church's mission in India. 

It was in Durham, however, that his religious life developed 
to its fine flower. There he became the mainstay of the church 
he had joined, and he was chiefly responsible for the building 
of the three successive edifices known as the First Presbyterian 
Church. All of these progressive works received his loyal sup- 
port, and his contributions to foreign missions, in particular, 
were regal in their magnificence. Missionaries were maintained 
by him in Korea, in Cuba, in Africa; and his donations to that 
cause run far into the hundreds of thousands. Nor did he forget 
the fundamentally important work of his church in the less 
developed regions of this country, for, on the books of the Home 
Mission Board, he is credited with vast sums given to prosecute 
that work. Royally generous was he also toward the old minis- 
ters, worn out in the service of the Lord. The ministerial relief 
fund of the Presbyterian Church in the United States was enor- 
mously increased by his benevolence. 

However, if there was one phase of church work dearer to 
his heart than another, one would not go far astray in judging 
that the Sunday-school was his favorite. To this work he gave 
unstintedly, both of his time and of his means. His was a famil- 
iar figure at both state and national conventions, whilst at 
Tokio, Japan, he was elected as one of the vice-presidents of that 
great international, or world, Sunday-school association which 
met there in the summer of 1920. 

While on this tour with Mrs. Watts to the Far East, Mr. 
Watts visited the mission stations in Korea in which he was 
so largely interested. It seems that some six years prior thereto 
the Japanese had closed the mission schools in Korea because 
the Koreans would not agree not to teach the Bible in these 
schools. Thus when Mr. Watts visited Soonchun, Korea, in 
the summer of 1920, the missionaries prevailed upon him to pay 
a visit to the governor-general, Baron Saito, and to speak to 

him about this matter. Mr. Watts did this, and in March, 1 92 1 , 
the schools were reopened with permission to teach the Bible, 
and it is noteworthy that the schools of the Southern Presby- 
terian Church are the only ones to which this permission has 
been given. 

This, it is true, might have been called by the Apostle 
"bestowing my goods to feed the poor," and perhaps also his 
services as Moderator of the Synod of North Carolina and the 
perpetual gifts of his time and energy to furthering the work of 
his church might come under the same classification. 

But there is one test that cannot be rejected, for it cannot be 
simulated successfully. That was the humble piety of his 
daily life. George Watts did not put on his religion with his 
Sunday coat, as is the practice of so many. It was an every- 
day affair with him. Not that there was anything approaching 
ostentation about it. It was far too genuine for that. But 
quietly, as he did everything, he walked with his God quietly, 
that is, as long as there was no need for demonstration. But 
on a matter that touched his religious principles he could, if 
necessary, be anything but quiet. No slinking, hole-and-corner 
Christian was he. While he was not the type of man to go out 
of his way to seek trouble, yet he was most emphatically not of 
the type to step one inch out of his way to avoid it, if it was a 
matter of morals or of religion. 

Yet he had also the gentleness of the true Christian, espe- 
cially with children. He was intensely fond of young people, 
and although he lived for seventy years he never grew old; for 
his heart was the heart of youth, and this made him a joyous 
and acceptable companion to youth, wherever it gathered for 
innocent merrymaking. Utterly free from pomposity, he never 
regarded it as beneath his dignity to exercise his ingenious mind 
in devising amusement for the young people; and his strong 
sense of humor enabled him to stage ludicrous situations that 
captivated both boys and girls. 

One daughter, Annie Louise, now Mrs. John Sprunt Hill, was 
his only child, and her children, George Watts, Laura 
Valinda, and Francis Faison, were the delight of his life. The 

great captain of industry was to them only an indulgent and 
delightful grandfather when they were small, the merriest of 
playfellows, romping with them like a child himself; and, as 
they grew older, still their companion; especially did he enjoy 
walking with them to and from school, listening seriously to 
the problems of adolescence, and gravely advising them about 
their childhood difTiculties. 

But his ability to relax was not confined to occasions when 
he associated with the very young. He was keenly interested 
in almost all forms of athletics and outdoor sports, and, while 
not a fanatic on the subject, an enthusiastic follower of the 
national game of base-ball. 

But the sport that was peculiarly his own was golf. He was 
an excellent player, and his tall and well-proportioned figure 
with its athletic stride was known to most of the clubs where 
the royal and ancient pastime is followed, from Poland Springs, 
Maine, to Palm Beach, Florida, in a surprisingly large number 
of these clubs he held honorary membership. 

On April 26, 191 5, A4r. Watts was greatly bereaved by the 
loss of his wife. But time, the great healer of sorrows, 
somewhat assuaged his grief, and on October 25, 19 17, he was 
again married, and Miss Sara V. Ecker, of Syracuse, New York, 
became his bride. This union, like the first, was marked by 
harmony and happiness. 

Strong in the contests of life, far-seeing, tireless in pursuit of 
an end, bold yet idealistic, generous and tender, the finest trib- 
ute to George Watts yet remains to be paid. Let it be phrased 
in the words of the Rev. Dr. W. W. Moore as, standing over the 
mortal remains of this noble man, he spoke as follows: "As we 
remember how he labored to teach young and old the will of 
God and the grace of Christ, and how he set in operation forces 
which will continue that blessed work through all the future, 
we are grateful for that great promise of God's word: 'They 
that be teachers shall shine as the brightness of the firmament, 
and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars forever 
and ever.' " 

Charles L. VanNoppen. 


"It is more blessed to give than to receive' 



'HE Board of Trustees of Union Theological 
Seminary lias suffered an irreparable loss in the 
death of its honored and beloved President, Mr. 
George W. Watts. As an expression of our ap- 
preciation of his unparalleled services to the 
Seminary, as v^ell as of our personal affection for him, the Board 
places on its permanent records the following Memorial of his 
life and work : 

He was born at Cumberland, Maryland, August 18, 1851, and 
died at Durham, North Carolina, March 7, 1 92 1 . Of a thought- 
ful and earnest nature, he set before himself in his youth a high 
ideal of life and pursued it steadily. Notwithstanding the 
handicap of somewhat delicate health in his boyhood, he devel- 
oped studious habits, attending the public schools of Baltimore 
from 1839 to 1868 and the University of Virginia from 1868 to 
1 87 1, and so trained the powers of a naturally quick and vigor- 
ous mind that by the time he entered business as a salesman for 
his father's firm he possessed the qualities which foretoken suc- 
cess. He was a man of clear intelligence, sound judgment, sys- 
tematic habits, steady industry, and inflexible integrity. 

At the age of twenty-seven he purchased an interest in the 
business of W. Duke Sons & Company, and moved to Durham. 
Here it soon became evident that he was not only a creative 
force in the business world, a public-spirited community builder 

and leader of civic progress, and an open-handed philanthropist, 
but also and above all an upstanding, outspoken, exemplary 
Christian, seeking first the kingdom of God and His righteous- 
ness, making religion the paramount concern of a busy life, and 
working tirelessly for the cause of Christ. He was always pres- 
ent at every service of the church, not only on Sundays, but also 
at the mid-week meeting, unless providentially hindered. For 
over thirty years he superintended the main Sunday-school of 
his church, putting the same enthusiasm, energy, and system 
into this work that he did into his business. During the same 
long period he went every Sunday afternoon, through fair 
weather and foul, and taught a Bible class in the Mission School 
at Pearl Mill. Every Friday night he went to the same 
Mission to conduct the prayer-meeting. It would not be easy 
to find a parallel for such arduous and self-denying Christian 
work carried on through so many crowded years. 

No less remarkable were his interest and activity in the work 
of the church at large and in all manner of philanthropic and 
educational enterprises. He was a frequent attendant at meet- 
ings of the church courts, presbytery, synod and general assem- 
bly, always present at the beginning of the sessions and always 
remaining till the close. He was equally faithful and regular 
in his attendance on the meetings of the various boards of 
church institutions of which he was a member, and gave a great 
deal of time to arduous committee work. 

He became a member of the Board of Trustees of Union Sem- 
inary by appointment of the Synod of North Carolina in 1894, 
was elected President of the Board in 1905, then reelected an- 
nually till 1911, when by unanimous action he was made the 
Permanent President, and continued in that office till the end 
of his life. Since 1904 he had been a valued member of the 
Executive Committee, the most important committee of this 
body. During the twenty-seven years of his official connection 
with the Seminary he served the institution with unwaver- 
ing loyalty and love, with unsurpassed wisdom and energy, and 
with unequaled munificence in the use of his means for the 
strengthening and enlargement of its work. 


It was largely his liberality that made possible the removal 
of the Seminary to Richmond twenty-three years ago. Since 
this move was made the attendance of students has increased, 
notwithstanding the general decline in the number of candidates 
for the ministry, the faculty has been enlarged, new professor- 
ships have been established, besides a well-endowed special Lec- 
tureship and a Fellowship of graduate study, the assets of the 
Seminary have quintupled, and it has secured an admirable 
material outfit, including eleven substantial buildings. The 
main building of the group was the gift of Mr. Watts, and by 
action of the Board of Directors is to bear his name through all 
the future. A little later he provided also the beautiful Chapel. 
Nor was that all. Being himself a member of the Board and 
of its Executive Committee, and therefore thoroughly familiar 
with the work of the institution and its value to the church as 
the main source of her supply of ministers and missionaries, he 
made repeated contributions to its permanent funds. Thus, 
besides his gift of $50,000 for Watts Hall and $20,000 for the 
Chapel, he provided in succession $60,000 for the endowment of 
the presidency of the Seminary, 1 10,000 as a repair fund for 
Watts Hall and Chapel, $30,000 for the supplementing of the 
salaries of incumbents of inadequately endowed professorships, 
and $50,000 for the endowment of the Professorship of Reli- 
gious Education. His generous interest in the Seminary con- 
tinued to the end, and in his will he made it a bequest of $50,000. 
The aggregate amount of the benefactions mentioned is $270,- 
000. This summary includes only his larger gifts to the insti- 
tution; it takes no account of the help he gave it in various 
other ways, such as his contribution of $5000 toward the pur- 
chase of the Westwood property, his provision of Professor Gil- 
mour's salary, and his annual provision of $3000 for a number 
of years to enable the Seminary to dispense with the fees for- 
merly collected from the students. 

He was the greatest benefactor the institution has ever had, 
and this Board records its profound gratitude to God for raising 
up such a friend for the Seminary at a critical period of its his- 
tory. Realizing its vital relation to all the work of the church 


and seeing at close range its needs and possibilities, he gave to 
it frequently and freely of his consecrated wealth, so that to all 
our people we may say : Here he made his investments in living 
voices for Christ, and through the successive bands of young 
ministers going forth from this Seminary he will be preaching 
the Gospel through all time to come. He being dead yet 

Mr. Watts was a great steward of God. Besides his generous 
gifts to the Seminary he made large donations to other educa- 
tional and religious institutions, orphan asylums, schools and 
colleges, to Sunday-school work, to the great causes of home 
and foreign missions, to hospitals and all forms of relief work. 
A specially striking and beautiful feature of his largess was 
that all his benevolences were benevolences in the literal mean- 
ing of the word. His heart went with them. There was nothing 
cold or detached about them. Numerous and varied as they 
were, there was in them all the warmth of personal knowledge, 
personal interest, and personal sympathy. We place on record 
our witness that the most valuable contribution he made to the 
well-being of Union Seminary was the influence of his own per- 
sonality. He exemplified to us the right combination of busi- 
ness capacity and Christian character. We admired him for his 
quiet force, his great abilities, the swiftness and sureness of his 
mental grasp, and the far-reaching scope of his vision. We 
admired him for his courtesy, skill, and dispatch as our presid- 
ing officer. We admired him as a preeminently successful man 
absolutely unspoiled. We honored him for his unaffected hu- 
mility and modesty. We loved him for his big warm heart and 
his sunny disposition. The Christian fellowship of the mem- 
bers of this Board has become a proverb throughout the church. 
To no man who ever served on the Board was this fellowship 
more refreshing and gladdening than to him. The touch of 
reserve which is not unnatural to the wary business man in the 
marts of trade was here cast off entirely. From the moment he 
set foot on this campus he was unrestrained, buoyant, beaming, 
happy in the affection of his trusted colleagues on the Board 
and his trusted friends on the campus. He never seemed more 

light-hearted and gay than on his visits to the Seminary. Little 
wonder that we reciprocated his confidence and affection with a 
deep and warm personal love. To us he was not merely the wise 
counselor, the faithful trustee, and the generous benefactor of 
the Seminary, but also our dear personal friend. It is with a 
sense of wistful loneliness that we recall to-day that alert strong 
figure in the chair, that beaming face in the Chapel, and those 
genial greetings which for so many years have lifted and cheered 
and strengthened us in our endeavor to discharge aright the 
great trust committed to us by the church. We lament the loss 
of a colleague of loving heart and large vision and liberal hand, 
but we thank God for the privilege of laboring with him so long 
in the Lord's work. This Seminary is the lasting memorial of 
his greatest work for the Gospel. "If you seek his monument 
look around." We rejoice that his influence abides and will 
ever abide in this beloved school of the prophets, and we hum- 
bly pray that his mantle may fall on us who remain, that we 
may emulate his consecration and zeal in the service of our 
Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. 

To the members of his family we express our profound sym- 
pathy in their bereavement, commending them affectionately 
to the God of all grace and comfort. 


'Few men are both rich and generous" 



Rev. Walter W. Moore 

EORGE W. WATTS was a great gift of God to 
our generation. From beginning to end his life 
was one of sound principles and solid achieve- 
ments and beneficent influence. Born and reared 
in a Christian home, of a thoughtful and earnest 
nature, he set before himself in his youth a high ideal and pur- 
sued it steadily. Notwithstanding the handicap of somewhat 
delicate health in his boyhood, he developed studious habits and 
so trained the powers of a naturally quick and vigorous mind 
that by the time he entered business as a salesman for his fa- 
ther's firm he possessed the qualities which foretoken success: 
clear intelligence, sound judgment, systematic habits, steady 
industry, and inflexible integrity, so that when his first great 
business opportunity came to him, at the age of twenty-seven, 
he was ready for it. This was the purchase of an interest in the 
business of the now famous house of W. Duke Sons & Com- 
pany. When he moved to Durham and entered upon his new 
duties it soon became evident that, like other able members of 
that firm, he was a creative force in the business world. Under 
their joint efi'orts the business grew with amazing rapidity, 
passing quickly from its original territory and establishing itself 
not only throughout America, but in every part of the civilized 

With the increase of his means Mr. Watts, like his associates 
in the firm, engaged in other large enterprises, including banks, 
railroads, and manufacturing companies. Throughout his en- 
tire business career he was prominent also as a public-spirited 
citizen and community builder, as shown, for example, in his 
zealous leadership or active cooperation in all the improvements 
that have marked the civic progress of Durham and the promo- 
tion of the comfort and convenience of its people. The most 
notable of these services to his own community was his splendid 
benefaction in the erection, equipment, and endowment of 
Watts Hospital. 

But after all is said, the most valuable contribution he made 
to the well-being of Durham was the influence of his own char- 
acter and personality. The city is not an old one. It has made 
its marvelous growth for the most part in the last forty years. 
Its citizens can never be thankful enough that during this for- 
mative period, when their character as a people was being 
moulded and their ideals as a community were being fixed, so 
many of the men who have controlled its capital and directed 
its energies and determined its business life have been men of 
God, not only correct men but religious men, not only men of 
sound morality but of pronounced religious faith. The people 
of Durham have been greatly blessed with material prosperity, 
but they are a thrice happy people in the fact that, amid the 
rapid increase of their wealth, their leaders in business have not 
been indifferent to the things of the mind and the heart, have 
not undervalued character and culture; and that the man whose 
memory they honor as their model citizen, the noblest exponent 
of their life, was not only a capable and successful man of af- 
fairs, but a man of living faith and pure character and abound- 
ing benevolence — a golden-hearted gentleman, an open-minded 
philanthropist, an exemplary Christian. 

This phase of his character and influence deserves special 
emphasis, for he really obeyed the Lord's injunction to seek first 
the kingdom of God and His righteousness; he made religion 
the paramount concern of a busy life; he was a tireless worker 
for the cause of Christ. He was always present at every service 

of the church, not only on Sundays but also at the mid-week 
meeting, unless providentially hindered. For over thirty years 
he superintended the main Sunday-school of his church, putting 
the same enthusiasm, energy, and system into this work that he 
did into his business. During the same long period he went 
every Sunday afternoon, through fair weather and foul, and 
taught a Bible class in the Mission School at Pearl Mill. Every 
Friday night he went to the same Mission to conduct the 
prayer-meeting. It would not be easy to find a parallel for such 
arduous and self-denying Christian work carried on through so 
many crowded years. 

No less remarkable were his interest and activity in the work 
of the church at large and in all manner of philanthropic and 
educational enterprises. His relation to some of these may be 
briefly mentioned. He became a member of the Board of Trus- 
tees of Union Theological Seminary by appointment of the Synod 
of North Carolina in 1894, was elected President of the Board 
in 1905, then reelected annually till 191 1, when by unanimous 
action he was made the Permanent President, and continued in 
that office till the end of his life. During the twenty-seven 
years of his official connection with the Seminary he served the 
institution with unwavering loyalty and love, with unsurpassed 
wisdom and energy, and with unequaled munificence in the use 
of his means for the strengthening and enlargement of its work. 

It was largely his liberality that made possible the removal 
of the Seminary to Richmond twenty-three years ago. Since 
this move was made the attendance of students has increased, 
notwithstanding the general decline in the number of candi- 
dates for the ministry, the faculty has been enlarged, new pro- 
fessorships have been established, besides a well-endowed spe- 
cial Lectureship and a Fellowship of graduate study, the assets 
of the Seminary have been quintupled, and it has secured an 
admirable material outfit, including eleven substantial build- 
ings. The main building of the group was the gift of Mr. Watts, 
and by action of the Board of Directors is to bear his name 
through all the future. A little later he provided also the beau- 
tiful Chapel. Nor was that all. Being himself a member of the 

Board and of its Executive Committee, and therefore thor- 
oughly familiar with the work of the institution and its value 
to the church as the main source of her supply of ministers and 
missionaries, he made repeated contributions to its permanent 
funds, his gifts aggregating $300,000. 

He was the greatest benefactor the institution has ever had. 
Realizing its vital relation to all the work of the church and 
seeing at close range its needs and possibilities, he gave to it 
frequently and freely of his consecrated wealth. Here he made 
his largest investments in living voices for Christ, and through 
the successive bands of young ministers going forth from this 
Seminary he will be preaching the Gospel through all time to 
come. He being dead yet speaketh. 

Besides his generous gifts to the Seminary he made large 
donations to other educational and religious institutions, to 
orphan asylums, to schools and colleges, to Sunday-school 
work, to the great causes of home and foreign missions, to hos- 
pitals and all forms of relief work. A specially striking and 
beautiful feature of his largess was that all his benevolences 
were benevolences in the literal meaning of the word. His heart 
went with them. There was nothing cold or detached about 
them. Numerous and varied as they were, there was in them 
all the warmth of personal knowledge, personal interest, and 
personal sympathy. It was so with his gifts to the Watts Hos- 
pital, to Union Seminary, to Davidson College, to Flora Mac- 
donald College, to Barium Springs Orphanage, to Lees-McRae 
Institute, to the causes of ministerial relief, home missions, and 
foreign missions. Take the last-named cause for illustration. 
Not only did he make an annual contribution of $13,000 for 
many years for the support of the missionaries of the Soonchun 
station in Korea, eventually making it permanent by an en- 
dowment fund of $256,000; not only did he support mission- 
aries in Cuba and Africa, eventually creating an endowment for 
the latter of $48,000; but to all the missionaries he was a loyal 
and sympathetic friend, especially those whom he supported, 
invariably and promptly answering their letters, and aflfection- 
ately interested in all that concerned them. 

No part of the church's work appealed to him more strongly 
or engaged more of his time and thought and personal effort 
than that of the Sunday-school. He was enthusiastic and in- 
cessant in his activities as leader, organizer, teacher, and 
superintendent. His contributions to Sunday-school equip- 
ment and support were frequent and free-handed, such as the 
substantial and convenient building which he erected for the 
Sunday-school of his home church at Durham and the endow- 
ment he provided for the department of Sunday-school Teacher 
Training at Union Seminary, The last great religious gath- 
ering he attended was the World's Sunday-school Convention 
at Tokio, Japan, during the summer of 1920, and his last public 
address was the account he gave of that convention to his own 
school at Durham. 






For seventeen and a half years his pastor 

FEEL very much more like sitting beside the 
bereaved family to-day, mourning with them 
over the loss of this dear friend and brother, 
than standing here undertaking to speak about 
him. The feeling of my heart and the heart of 
this vast assemblage is voiced by the Psalmist in the Twelfth 
Psalm and first verse: "Help, Lord; for the godly man ceaseth; 
for the faithful fail from among the children of men." God- 
liness and faithfulness : these are the two words which best sum 
up Mr. Watts's life and character and career. 

Gifted with unusual talents and abilities and resources and 
influence, he used them all faithfully for the glory of God and 
the blessing of his fellow-man. Those who were not personally 
acquainted with Mr. Watts admired him for his great liberality, 
and he was known and honored from one end of our land to the 
other for his large and numerous gifts to the church and its edu- 
cational institutions, and to philanthropy. But those of us who 
knew him intimately admired him most because of the larger 
and richer gift of himself, his time, his interest, his energy to 
the cause of Christ. 

He put God and the things of His kingdom as the first con- 
cerns of his life. This is illustrated by an incident which oc- 
curred a few years ago. One of the large business corporations 
with which he was connected was passing through a critical 
period in its history, and there was an important meeting of its 


board of directors to be held in New York City on a certain 
date. On that same date there was to be a meeting of the 
board of directors of Union Theological Seminary, of which Mr. 
Watts had been a member and President for years. Without a 
moment's hesitation he decided to go to the Richmond meeting 
and look after the interests of the Seminary, and left his large 
business interests to be looked after by others. 

Mr. Watts loved his church, and showed his love and loyalty 
by being present at every service, not only on Sundays, but also 
at the mid-week prayer-meeting, unless providentially pre- 
vented from being there. In fact, he is the only man whom I 
have ever urged not to come to church so much, for I felt that 
after superintending the Sunday-school in the morning, throw- 
ing his whole soul and strength into it, as he did with everything 
he undertook, then attending the morning preaching service, 
then going down to the Pearl Mill Mission and teaching a Bible 
class there in the afternoon, he ought not to come out to church 
again at night. But when I remonstrated with him and urged 
him to take more care of himself, he would reply that he needed 
the worship for his own spiritual good, and that as a member 
and officer of the church he felt that his influence and example 
might help to make others more loyal and faithful to the church 
and its services. 

He was the best Sunday-school superintendent with whom 1 
have ever been associated, putting his business energy and en- 
thusiasm and system into its work, and at the same time keep- 
ing the spiritual aims and nature of the work uppermost and 
foremost, and impressing his teachers continually with the fact 
that their great business was to lead souls to Christ and train 
them for His service. In addition to superintending the main 
Sunday-school of his church for over thirty years with marked 
ability and success, he went down every Sunday afternoon dur- 
ing all those years to the Pearl Mill Mission, through fair 
weather and through storm, through heat and through cold, to 
teach a Bible class in that Mission. Thus this great man, who 
was closely identified with the World's Sunday-school Associa- 
tion and a member of the International Committee, and who 

was so highly esteemed by that body that they held a special 
prayer-meeting for him during his illness, devoted his own 
precious time and strength through all these years to teaching a 
class in a mission Sunday-school. This was characteristic of 
the man, and one of the reasons why he was so greatly beloved 
by all who knew him, of every class and condition. In addition 
to teaching this mission school every Sunday afternoon, he and 
Mr. Leo D. Heartt, another saint of God who has passed to his 
reward, went down every Friday night for fifteen or twenty 
years to conduct the prayer-meeting in this same Mission, keep- 
ing up this work until the Mission secured a pastor of its own 
who took charge of that service. Those of us who have heard 
him teach his Bible class and lead these prayer-meetings re- 
member with what clearness and force and aptness of illustra- 
tion he applied the great truths of God's word to the present-day 
needs of those to whom he spoke. Often during the pastor's 
absence from home he conducted the mid-week prayer-meeting 
of his church, and these meetings were always times of spiritual 
refreshing to all who attended them. 

Mr. Watts was a very busy man, and he did not hesitate to 
let it be known that he had no time to waste, and yet I never 
knew him to be too busy or too much engrossed with business 
to be willing to stop and have a conference with his pastor or 
any of the representatives of the church's work who wanted 
to consult with him about the interests of the kingdom. He 
was a modest man, who made no parade and desired no pub- 
licity about what he was doing and giving. He gave not only 
with liberality but with cheerfulness, esteeming it a privilege 
to use what God had entrusted to him for the advancement of 
His kingdom. And yet he never gave carelessly or indiscrimi- 
nately, but as a faithful steward of God he examined carefully 
into the merits of every appeal that was made to him, and if the 
cause did not commend itself to his judgment, no amount of 
argument or appeal could induce him to give a penny to it. 

I shall not undertake to enumerate to-day the different activ- 
ities of the church at large with which Mr. Watts was connected 
as a director. A very large part of the time of his busy life was 

devoted to looking after the work of the church and its institu- 
tions. The great number of representatives here to-day from 
the different educational institutions of the church and its dif- 
ferent executive departments, in addition to the representatives 
from the numerous business enterprises and civic organiza- 
tions to which he belonged, witness to the high esteem in which 
he was held, and the great value which was placed upon his 
counsel and advice. 

Mr. Watts needs no material monument to perpetuate his 
memory, for he will continue to live on and exert his influence 
in the lives which he has blessed and in the hearts which he has 
cheered. Through the lips of the ministers who received their 
training through his liberality, through the many missionaries 
in foreign lands for whose support he has made perpetual pro- 
vision, and through his many home mission workers in the des- 
titute parts of our own country, he will continue to preach the 
blessed Gospel of God's dear Son to untold multitudes as the 
years go by. In the buildings which he has erected at Union 
Seminary and Davidson College and Barium Springs and the 
endowment which he has provided for these and many other 
institutions of learning, he is continuing to prepare men and 
women for the service of God. Through his large gifts to the 
Endowment Fund of Ministerial Relief he will continue to 
bring joy and comfort and cheer to the hearts of God's aged 
and infirm servants worn out in the work of the Master, and to 
bless the widows and little orphan children of those who have 
been called to their reward. In the beautiful and imposing 
group of buildings which he has erected and endowed on the 
outskirts of this city he will continue the beautiful ministry of 
Him who went about doing good, healing the sick, and relieving 
the sorrowing and suffering children of men. No other man 
whom we have ever known has so many worthy monuments to 
perpetuate his memory and to carry on his work of glorifying 
God in blessing mankind. 

I shall not, of course, undertake to speak in detail on this 
occasion of Mr. Watts's beautiful life in the home. It is enough 
to say that he was a perfect Christian gentleman, who lived his 


religion in all the relations of life seven days in the week. Con- 
sequently those who knew him best and who associated with 
him most intimately appreciated him most fully and loved him 
most devotedly. 

May the God of all grace and comfort, the blessed Saviour, 
the Elder Brother, the Holy Spirit, the Comforter, the Triune 
God of the Covenant, comfort and cheer and sustain these dear 
ones till they, too, reach the Father's House of Many Mansions, 
and are reunited with the loved ones, so many of whom have 
gone up in recent years from this beautiful hilltop to walk with 
the Saviour and with each other on the hilltops of eternal glory. 

No other preeminently successful man of our time has exem- 
plified more strikingly than Mr. Watts the right combination 
of business capacity and Christian character; and he has set in 
operation forces which will carry on his beneficent influence till 
the last syllable of recorded time. 






jLMIGHTY GOD, our heavenly Father, Who 
alone art the Author and Disposer of our lives, 
from Whom our spirits come and unto Whom 
they return, we acknowledge Thy sovereign 
power and right both to give and take away as 
seemeth good to Thee; and we pray that unto all Thy righteous 
dealings we may yield ourselves with due resignation and pa- 
tience, being assured that Thy wisdom never errs and Thy love 
never fails. Remembering to-day all Thy love to us in our Lord 
Jesus Christ and all the promises of Thy grace, we would resign 
ourselves into Thy hands, to be taught and sanctified by Thee, 
that while we mourn we may not murmur nor faint under Thy 
chastening, but hold fast the assurance of Thy mercy and the 
blessed hope of everlasting life through Him Who died and 
rose again, even Jesus Christ, our Lord. We pray Thee for His 
sake to enable us so to heed Thy holy word that we through 
patience and comfort of the Scriptures may have hope, and to 
so fill our hearts with Thy love that we may cleave more closely 
to Thee Who bringest life out of death and Who canst turn our 
grief into eternal joy. 

We bless Thy name for all those who have died in the Lord 
and who now rest from their labors, having received the end of 
their faith, even the salvation of their souls. We thank Thee 
for every life of living faith and loving sympathy and helpful 


service. Especially we call to remembrance Th}' loving-kind- 
ness to this Thy servant. For all Thy goodness that withheld 
not his portion in the joys of this earthly life, and for Thy guid- 
ing hand along the way of his pilgrimage, we give Thee thanks 
and praise. Most of all we bless Thee for Thy grace that kin- 
dled in his heart a living faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, and 
made his life a benediction to our time. We magnify Thy holy 
name for the assurance that, his trials being ended and death 
passed, with all the dangers and difficulties of this mortal life, 
his spirit is at home and at peace in our Father's house. Grant, 
O Lord, that we who rejoice in the triumph of Thy saints may 
profit by their example, that becoming followers of their faith 
and patience we, too, may enter into the inheritance incorrupti- 
ble and undefiled and that fadeth not away; through Jesus 
Christ, our Lord. 

When we remember the strong and beautiful and beneficent 
life of Thy servant, in the home, in the church, in the com- 
munity, in the State, in the world at large, how he adorned the 
doctrine of God, our Saviour, how he witnessed and worked 
for Thee, how he let his light so shine that men glorified our 
Father in heaven, how he taught Thy truth and lived it, how 
we loved him for his loving heart and leaned on him for counsel 
and strength, it is inevitable that we should grieve for the great 
loss we have suffered. We mourn before Thee together, O Lord 
— the members of his immediate family who knew him best and 
loved him most, the wide circle of relatives whose affectionate 
intimacy with him has extended through years, the large num- 
ber of personal friends whom he had long honored with his 
confidence and affection, his associates in business, his co-work- 
ers in the community, the teachers and pupils of his Sunday- 
schools, his fellow-members in the church, his fellow-citizens 
in the State, hundreds of people also who never saw him but 
who loved him for his great heart and his Christian benevolence, 
boys and girls in orphans' homes, aged and indigent servants 
of God, relieved, comforted, and cheered by his munificence, 
young men and young women of vigor and promise in schools 
and colleges, missionaries of the Cross in distant lands, patients 


in hospitals — all mourn to-day the departure from this world 
of one of God's noblemen. 

But we bless Thee that while we mourn we may also rejoice. 
We rejoice in all the memories of such a life and in its blessed 
influence which abides and will ever abide. We recognize the 
fact that the gift of such a man to our generation is a blessing 
from the hand of God that calls for profound and abiding grati- 
tude. We recognize in him a fulfilment of the ancient promise 
of Thy word that "a man shall be as an hiding place from the 
wind and a covert from the tempest, as rivers of water in a dry 
place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land." In the 
strength of his character and the kindness of his heart he was 
like a great rock affording shelter to many from the sweep of 
calamity. In the outflow of his benevolence he was like rivers 
of water in a dry place. We bless Thee that the streams of it 
have not only flowed copiously through his own community, 
but that they have gone far and wide through this land and 
other lands and even to the ends of the earth, pure, refreshing, 
life-giving. We thank God for a man who was both a rock and 
a river, both a shelter and a source of fertility. 

We recognize gratefully Thy goodness in giving to this com- 
munity during its formative period, when its character as a 
people was being moulded and its ideals as a community were 
being fixed, a leader who, with all his sagacity and skill and 
success in practical afi'airs, remained throughout a Christian 
idealist, high-souled, golden-hearted, sympathetic, benevolent, 
devout. As we remember how he labored to teach young and 
old the will of God and the grace of Christ, and how he set in 
operation forces which will continue that blessed work through 
all the future, we call to mind that great promise of God's word: 
"They that be teachers shall shine as the brightness of the fir- 
mament, and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars 
for ever and ever." 

And so, with hearts subdued and sorrowful, yet believing, we 
give this great life back to God, thanking Thee for all that it 
has meant to us, and praying of Thee that comfort in our 
bereavement which Thou alone canst give. Lay Thy hand of 


healing on all these stricken hearts. Speak to them as to Thy 
disciples of old, "Let not your hearts be troubled. In my 
Father's house are many mansions. 1 go to prepare a place for 
you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again 
and receive you unto Myself, that where I am there ye may be 
also." Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, 
who, according to His abundant mercy, hath begotten us again 
unto a living hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the 
dead. Now the God of peace that brought again from the dead 
our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through the 
blood of the everlasting covenant, make you perfect in every 
good work to do His will, working in you that which is well 
pleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory 
for ever and ever. Amen. 





'There is a prince and a great man j alien this day in Israel" 

one of the South's great business men and 
philanthropists, died at his home on South Duke 
Street, this city, yesterday morning at 10.25 
o'clock. His death was due to cancer of the 
stomach, with which he had suffered for something like a year. 
He was actively connected with a large number of business 
enterprises, including banks, railroads, and manufacturing 
plants. He has given of his finances without stint to the cause 
of religion and education, in addition to which he did many 
deeds of charity of which the world never knew. He was the 
State's largest individual taxpayer and wealthiest citizen. 

Mr. Watts had been in ill health for the past year. In the first 
stages of his illness he went to a hospital in Baltimore for treat- 
ment and an operation. After some months of treatment he 
returned home with improved health. His physicians, however, 
sent him to Europe in the hope of complete health restoration. 
Late last summer Mr. Watts sailed for Europe. He toured 
through many countries, but more especially in the Orient, 
where he had invested large sums of money to promote mis- 
sionary work. 

Returning home late in 1920, Mr. Watts appeared to be in 
much better health. Within less than two weeks afterward, 
however, his illness attacked him with renewed violence. He 
began a game battle for life, assisted by specialists, surgeons, 
and physicians. Despite his age he fought off the inevitable 

for weeks after physicians had admitted their inability to con- 
quer his affliction. Until the end Mr. Watts maintained a 
cheerful frame of mind and indefatigable spirit. 

Although not unexpected, Mr. Watts's death came as a dis- 
tinct shock to his relatives and many friends. The news spread 
rapidly, and yesterday afternoon many institutions with which 
he has been affiliated either as an official or benefactor lowered 
their flags to half mast. Last night telegrams of sympathy and 
condolence were reaching the city from various parts of the 
United States. 

Although the funeral arrangements have not been completed, 
it is known that the service will be held to-morrow afternoon at 
the home. The services will be conducted by Dr. David H. 
Scanlon, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, assisted by 
Dr. W. W. Moore, of the Union Theological Seminary, and Dr. 
E. R. Leyburn, of Rome, Georgia, former pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church in this city. The interment will be in 
Maplewood cemetery. 

Surviving the deceased is his wife and one daughter, Mrs. 
John Sprunt Hill, of this city. Also one brother, James H. 
Watts, of Baltimore, and one sister, Mrs. Charles B. King, of 
Charlotte. He leaves three grandchildren, George Watts Hill, 
Laura Valinda Hill, and Frances Faison Hill. 

The deceased was probably the greatest philanthropist that 
North Carolina has produced. His charities reached around the 
globe. In December, 1909, he gave to Durham the new Watts 
Hospital, which represents an outlay for buildings of about 
1500,000, and he also endowed it heavily with about $500,000 
more. The hospital was the "apple of his eye." For many years 
he was President of the Board of Trustees of this institution. 

Several years ago Mr. Watts built a handsome Sunday-school 
room for the First Presbyterian Church in this city at a cost of 
many thousands of dollars, and it was largely through his 
efforts that the new Presbyterian Church was built. 

Mr. Watts was actively interested in foreign mission work. 
He personally supported ten missionaries in Korea, two in Cuba, 
and one in Africa, and some years ago secured the permanent 
. 1:40] 

support of these missionaries by providing endowment of sev- 
eral hundred thousand dollars. Mr. Watts while attending the 
World's Sunday-school Convention in Japan last fall paid a 
visit to the mission field in Korea. 

The deceased was also a large contributor to many colleges 
and schools. Among his largest gifts were donations to Union 
Theological Seminary, Davidson College, Flora Macdonald 
College, and Agnes Scott College. He was probably the great- 
est benefactor of Union Theological Seminary. The President 
of the Seminary, in speaking of Mr. Watts's donation, said: "It 
was his unprecedented liberality that made possible the removal 
of the Seminary from its former isolated and disadvantageous 
location to its present admirable site in the suburbs of Rich- 
mond, where it has experienced a large increase of attendance 
and an improvement in facilities so great that it has now an 
equipment second to that of no other institution in its class. 
The main building of the Seminary was erected through the 
munificence of Mr. Watts," and by the action of the Board of 
Directors is to bear his name through the future. 

Mr. Watts had been a resident of Durham forty years. He 
came here to handle a part interest in the great tobacco manu- 
facturing industry which afterward was incorporated as W. 
Duke Sons & Company. While he was one of the most efficient 
in the group of men who built up the industry as one of the 
greatest tobacco houses in America, his interests have for many 
years not been consigned along one line, and his ability and 
capital have entered into much that constitutes the greatness 
and prosperity of this city. 

Mr. Watts was born at Cumberland, Maryland, August i8, 
185 1, a son of Gerard S. and Annie E. (Wolvington) Watts. He 
was reared at Baltimore, attending the public schools there from 
1859 to 1868, and from 1868 to 187 1 as a student of civil engi- 
neering in the University of Virginia. However, it has been 
along manufacturing and industrial lines that his career has 
been made. His father was an extensive wholesale tobacco 
dealer, and from college the son went on the road as a salesman 
for G. S. Watts & Company. 


In the meantime Mr. Watts had been traveUng for the to- 
bacco house of G. S. Watts & Company from 1871 to 1878. In 
the latter year he came to Durham, and at once used his ideas 
and his enterprise to stimulate the growth of the Duke firm, and 
subsequently aided in organizing and incorporating W. Duke 
Sons & Company, in which he became a stockholder and Sec- 
retary and Treasurer. This business joined the American To- 
bacco Company in 1890. 

It would be a difficult matter to describe fully and adequately 
all the many activities and influences that have radiated from 
Mr. Watts since he took up his residence at Durham. In 1884, 
when the Commonwealth Club of Durham was organized, he 
was elected its first President. This club under his presidency 
collected the capital and furnished the faith and enthusiasm 
which brought about the building of the Lynchburg and Dur- 
ham Railroad, the Oxford and Durham Railroad, and the Dur- 
ham and Northern Railroad. These railroads gave Durham 
what is most required, adequate transportation facilities, and 
insured for all time the substantial prosperity of the city as a 
commercial center. 

Mr. Watts erected the Loan and Trust Building of Durham 
and has been interested in practically every development enter- 
prise of the city in the past thirty or thirty-five years. He was 
President of the Pearl Cotton Mills, Vice-President of the 
Erwin Cotton Mills, a Director of the Seaboard Air Line Rail- 
way, Vice-President of the Golden Belt Manufacturing Com- 
pany; had interests in the Durham Cotton Manufacturing 
Company, Mayo Cotton Mills, at Mayodan, North Carolina, 
the Cooleemee Cotton Mills, the Golden Belt Bag Manufactur- 
ing Company, the Durham Loan and Trust Company; was a 
Director of the Fidelity Bank, the Virginia Carolina Chemical 
Company, Southern Cotton Oil Company, Republic Iron and 
Steel Company, and many other companies. He was also Presi- 
dent of the Home Savings Bank, of Durham. 

What he has done to stimulate business growth and enter- 
prise is matched by his public-spirited citizenship and his im- 
portant contribution to the institutions of the city and State. 


He erected the Watts Hospital at Durham, and has made large 
contributions to the orphan asylums at Barium and the Eliza- 
beth College, also to the Union Theological Seminary, at Rich- 
mond, Virginia, he being President of the Board of Trustees 
and Vice-President of the Board at Davidson College. Mr. 
Watts was an elder in the Presbyterian Church, and had been 
superintendent of its Sunday-school continuously since 1885. 

On October 19, 1875, he married Miss Laura Valinda Beall. 
Their only daughter is the wife of John Sprunt Hill, of Durham. 
Mr. Watts was married the second time, on October 25, 191 7, 
to Miss Sara V. Ecker, of Syracuse, New York. 

Durham Morning Herald, March 9, 1921. 



Beautiful simplicity marked the funeral services held yester- 
day afternoon for George Washington Watts, Durham's multi- 
millionaire philanthropist, who died last Monday morning. 

The services were held in the Watts home on South Duke 
Street, with hundreds of friends and relatives in attendance. 

Every detail connected with the funeral was carried out in 
the manner which the family believed Mr. Watts would have 
wanted it had he himself planned the arrangements. The sim- 
plicity of the service was in keeping with his natural modesty, 
and the assemblage made up of men and women from every 
walk of life was a voluntary testimony of the esteem in which 
he was held. Multi-millionaires, statesmen, bankers, lawyers, 
ministers, and men of more humble professions and employ- 
ment mingled their grief and parting respect for the deceased 

During the services business operations in Durham were at a 
standstill. Practically every industry and place of business 
was closed between the hours of 2.30 and 4 o'clock. 


The more than 200 tributes and the more than 100 telegrams 
of sympathy and condolence for the bereaved family were an 
even greater attest to the love and friendship in which the de- 
ceased was held. 

Attending the funeral from out of the city were many promi- 
nent people. Among them were: Mrs. Charles B. King and 
sons, Charles Banks and George Watts King, of Charlotte; 
Governor Cameron Morrison, of North Carolina; Lieutenant- 
Governor W. B. Cooper, of Wilmington; Mr. and Mrs. James 
H. Watts, of Baltimore; Mr. and Mrs. Martin Watts, of New 
York; Misses Minnie and Retta Wolvington, of Baltimore; 
Mr. and Mrs. J. Augustus Mason, of Hagerstown, Maryland; 
Dr. George Scholl, of Baltimore; Dr. W. W. Moore, of Union 
Theological Seminary; Dr. E. R. Leyburn, of Rome, Georgia; 
Dr. C. G. Vardell, of Flora Macdonald College; Dr. Curry, of 
Davidson College; Dr. Martin Turnbull, of Union Theological 
Seminary; James B. Duke and Frank L. Fuller, of New York; 
Dr. M. L. Swineheart, of Korea; Henry Sweets, of New York; 
Rev. S. L. Morris, of Atlanta; Mrs. Rufus L. Patterson, of New 
York; Judge R. W. Winston, of Raleigh; Mr. and Mrs. Al. 
Fairbrother, of Greensboro; A. M. Scales, of Greensboro, and 
William R. Miller, of Union Theological Seminary. 

The services were opened by Dr. David H. Scanlon, pastor 
of the First Presbyterian Church. The sermon was delivered 
by Dr. E. R. Leyburn, who was for seventeen years Mr. Watts's 
pastor, and Dr. W. W. Moore offered prayer. 

Interment was made in Maplewood cemetery. 

Durham Morning Herald, March 10, 1921. 


Durham is to-day in the solemn hush of the deepest grief. Not 
only does this city mourn the death of George Washington 
Watts, one of its foremost citizens, but the State and the nation 


as well. He was known for his sterling qualities of mind and 
heart; and the friends who knew and loved him were not con- 
fined to Durham, or the State of North Carolina, but extended 
in foreign lands. In civic as well as in religious activities he 
was a paragon of piety and public-spirited philanthropy. 

He was led through the furnace of lingering affliction and 
bodily sufi'ering, in which his golden patience was refined from 
the dross of complaint. He died the death of a life-long Chris- 
tian, and his end was like unto the departure of the saints of 
old. His works will live after him, in the Watts Hospital, the 
care of orphans, church activities, and his influence in the for- 
eign missionary field. 

From the formative period of his youth, and his coming to 
Durham forty-three years ago, to the last hours of his useful 
career, he belonged to the number of those who "point to better 
worlds and lead the way." With his fine instincts of an exalted 
citizenship he carried his wholesome, manly, and inspiring creed 
into the practical aflfairs of daily life. Everybody loved "George 
Watts," as he was familiarly called by intimate friends. 

It would have been difficult to find a better exemplar of in- 
flexible integrity and uncompromising devotion to duty. He 
possessed in the fullest degree the cardinal virtues which cluster 
around the home, and in the broader fields of activity he was 
always alert to the best interests of his fellow-man, according 
to his convictions. Modest as a maiden, the good deeds he did 
were never known to the world and will never be estimated. 

He was largely instrumental in bringing to Durham three of 
the present great branches of railroads which center here, to 
say nothing of his activities and influence in many of the great 
enterprises of this city in which he had a hand in shaping and 
pushing to success. The acuteness of his mind was nothing 
short of genius — an intuitive perception by which he went 
straight to the heart of things. It is, perhaps, in religious activ- 
ities, and the service of his Master, that he wrought with greater 
zeal and loving affection. Many will rise up and call him 
blessed. There was a suave charm of manner in his strongly 
individual personality which made it easy for him to win and 


retain strong friendships, for he "held his patent of nobility 
direct from the Almighty." His fidelity and loyalty were con- 
spicuous characteristics which blossomed in every relation of 

The death of Mr. Watts is nothing short of a calamity to 
Durham. Those who knew him best and longest deplore his 
death most. Now that he has "outsoared the shadow of our 
night," the perspective in which his character appears gives us 
a deeper appreciation of his virtues and a keener realization of 
our loss. There was knightliness about his mind and manner 
which suggests the tribute to the dead Hamlet: 

"Good night, sweet prince, 
And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest." 

J. A. Robinson, in Durham Morning Herald, .March 8, 1921. 


There will be wide-spread regret at the death of Mr. George W. 
Watts, of Durham. A native of Maryland, he came to Durham 
as a young man to become a member of the firm of W. Duke 
Sons & Co., then a young and growing company engaged in man- 
ufacturing smoking tobacco. 

Quiet, modest, an earnest church worker, diligent in business, 
he was welcomed for his worth and fine spirit. The company 
with which he was associated rapidly grew to be the greatest 
tobacco concern in the world, he became very rich, and yet al- 
ways he remained the same unassuming quiet gentleman he was 
before riches enabled his generous soul to find expression in 
large gifts to benevolence. 

His first notable donation was the establishment of the hos- 
pital which bears his name. In many other ways he gave 
money, and much money. But best of all he gave himself in 
good works in Christian labor and in Christian service. 

JosEPHUs Daniels, in News and Observer, March 8, 1921, Raleigh, N. C. 



'Blessed their life whose marriage prospers well" 


,N the evening of Tuesday, the nineteenth inst., 
a brilliant marriage was celebrated at Cumber- 
land, Maryland. The happy contracting par- 
ties were Mr. George W. Watts, of this city, and 
Miss Laura Valinda Beall, of Cumberland, 
Maryland, one of the most beautiful and amiable young belles 
of the Queen City. Much before the appointed hour there were 
assembled at the Lutheran Church a large number of the friends 
of the youthful pair, and at eight o'clock, the hour fixed for the 
ceremony, every seat was filled. The bridal party arrived 
shortly after the appointed time and with much difficulty ef- 
fected an entrance into the church. They approached the altar, 
preceded by the ushers, viz., Messrs. Bruce and Glesson Porter, 
of Cumberland. These were followed by Mr. H. E. Roberts, of 
this city, who escorted Miss Mary Lynn, of Cumberland; Mr. 
James H. Watts, of this city, a brother of the groom, and Miss 
Eugie Bausch, of Piedmont, West Virginia; Mr. L. Albert 
Carr, of this city, and Miss Helen Beall, of Cumberland, a sister 
of the bride; Mr. Charles N. Parkinson, of this city, and Miss 
Nannie Cushwa, of Hagerstown, Maryland, and Miss Clara 
Watts, a sister of the groom. Next came the happy pair who 
were so soon to become husband and wife. The bride was at- 
tired in white silk trimmed with point lace, and the bridal veil 
was looped with natural orange blossoms. The bridesmaids 
were all in white, and each carried a beautiful bouquet. The 


groomsmen were in full dress suits. The officiating clergyman, 
Rev. R. C. Hollowaym, of Cumberland, read the Lutheran 
service, which was very impressive. The ceremony over, the 
newly wedded couple and attendants, accompanied by many 
friends, repaired to the residence of William R. Beall, Esq., the 
father of the bride, where a handsome reception awaited them. 
Numerous congratulations were tendered and a sumptuous 
collation served, after which the happy young couple embarked 
upon the 1 1.30 train for an extended tour through the West. 
Upon their return to this city the parents of the groom will 
give a reception, at which, no doubt, the happy couple will re- 
ceive the congratulations of their numerous Baltimore friends. 
Their future residence will be in this city. Among the many 
invited guests from Baltimore were noticed Mr. and Mrs. G. S. 
Watts, parents of the happy groom; Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wol- 
vington. Miss Allie Wolvington, and Mr. John M. Wait. 

From the Baltimorean, October 30, 1875. 


'What greater ornament is there to a son than a father's glory; or what 
to a father than a son's honorable conduct" 


On the evening of February 26, 1905, at his country home, 
"Beverly Farm," near Baltimore, Maryland, Mr. Gerard Snow- 
den Watts passed away, aged eighty-two years and four 

He was born in Baltimore County, in 1823. In young man- 
hood he was identified with the Baltimore & Ohio R. R., after- 
ward settling in Cumberland, Maryland, where he engaged in 
merchandising, there marrying Miss Annie E. Wolvington. In 
1858 he moved to Baltimore, where he established the firm of 
G. S. Watts & Co., doing a very extensive business, known 
throughout the country. As a business man he was energetic, 
enterprising, and efficient. In 1890 he retired from active 
business, spending the time since at his beautiful country 

Mr. Watts became a member of the Second Lutheran Church, 
Baltimore, forty-six years ago, serving most of this time in the 
Council. During all these years he has been faithful, loyal, lib- 
eral toward all of its undertakings. Outspoken, positive, con- 
scientious, he was a true friend and follower of God. Sympa- 
thetic, sincere, he withheld his hand from no truly philanthropic 

His support was general and continuous toward every benev- 
olent interest of our General Synod, both at home and abroad. 
Through his liberality, together with that of his son, George 
W. Watts, of Durham, North Carolina, Watts Memorial Col- 

lege, Guntur, India, was made possible. His sympathy and 
substantial help were rendered toward the educational help of 
our Lutheran Church in the South, implanting and nourishing 
Elizabeth College, Charlotte, North Carolina, bearing the name 
of Mrs. Watts. 

Mr. Watts's home was one of abounding hospitality. Joy 
was scarcely joy to him unless shared by others; a home, too, 
where God was honored, reverenced, and loved. Such men of 
prayer, consecration, and lifelong loyalty are too uncommon. 

A wife, daughter, and two sons, with many others, mourn his 
loss. His body, lying in our beautiful Louden Park, awaits 
God's call on the resurrection morning. 



"/ was sick and ye visited me" 





J>AST night was an eventful one in Durham. There 
was enacted at Stokes Hall scenes never before 
witnessed in our city. It was the inauguration 
of the Watts Hospital and the transfer of the 
>^ v^.^^^ property to the trustees. A singular coincidence 
is the fact that on the eve of the anniversary of George Washing- 
ton, 163 after his birth, a namesake, George Washington Watts, 
presented to Durham the best equipped hospital in the South. 
The ladies — God bless them — had transformed the stage of 
the hall into a bower of loveliness. The Durham orchestra 
furnished fine music and everything had a pleasing effect upon 
the immense crowd that packed the hall from stage to rear of 
gallery. Surrounding the president of the meeting, Rev. L. B. 
Turnbull, and the speakers, were the Board of Trustees of the 
hospital, members of the Durham Medical Academy, and prom- 
inent citizens. Mr. Turnbull made the announcements. Rev. 
W. C. Tyree opened the exercises with a most fervent prayer. 
Mr. Watts, the donor, made the following presentation speech: 
"Ladies and Gentlemen: This is rather an unusual and 
peculiar position for me, first, to make a public address upon 
any subject, and, second, upon a subject referring to my own 
"Seventeen years ago next month I came among you with 


my wife and baby and all I had. I burned the bridges behind 
me, casting my lot here 'for better or worse.' Durham was then 
a small town with about 2500 inhabitants, but then, as now, it 
was a live, wide-awake, thrifty place; the people, as always 
before and since, were hospitable and kindly disposed toward 
the stranger. I had never seen the faces of but three residents 
of Durham previous to our coming here, yet we were warmly 
welcomed, received into your homes, invited to your churches, 
and encouraged in every way to make ourselves part of the com- 

"From that day to the present we have cheerfully recipro- 
cated the feelings as then expressed, and we have endeavored 
to become fellow-citizens with you; we have to the best of our 
feeble abilities striven to aid in the growth and progress of the 
town, have been jealous at all times of her good name and re- 
joiced in her continued advancement and progression in num- 
bers, education, morality, and wealth. To-day we have among 
your numbers some of our closest, warmest, and dearest friends. 
What success we have achieved has been in your midst. 

"It has been my desire for several years to show my appre- 
ciation of your fellowship and kindness, and to do so in such 
a manner as would benefit our people and glorify the name of 
the Master who has placed in my hands means with which to 
honor Him and the responsibility as one of His stewards. I 
have carefully considered the needs of our community and 
sought to learn what was best to be done. Education is well 
provided for in our beautiful and well equipped Trinity College 
and our graded and private schools, second to none in the State. 
The imposing and commodious Hotel Carrolina, a structure of 
which every citizen is proud, is all that we could wish in that 
line. The energetic, pushing men of the community have stud- 
ded the town with manufacturing plants, large and small, which 
give employment to all who wish to work. Churches are upon 
all our streets. But, my friends, times come in our lives when 
we cannot do what we would. Our brains refuse to study or 
enjoy the educational advantages we have. The body cannot 
toil, the shop or office, store or factory has no attraction for us. 


The comforts and pleasures of the CarroHna no longer allure 
us. The sanctuary is beyond our reach. The fell hand of dis- 
ease is upon us. Our doctors, God bless them, are then our best 
friends; they serve us skilfully, linger by our bedsides and min- 
ister to us. Yet often their almost superhuman efforts and 
most intelligent attentions are thwarted because of the environ- 
ments of the sick one, or lack of knowledge of those left in 
charge, or possibly because there is no one to leave in charge. 

"Three years ago I was for a short while a patient in a hos- 
pital, and only then did I fully learn the invaluable services of 
her we term a trained nurse. With her womanly gentleness 
given to her by God, augmented by years of study, reflection, 
and experience, she becomes almost a heavenly visitant, an angel 
of mercy at the bedside of the sick. She knows his needs, she 
realizes his condition, her hand is always ready to make him 
comfortable, her earnest sympathy encourages him, her firm- 
ness stimulates him, and her training enables her to faithfully 
carry out the physicians' instructions. More than once I have 
been told that her services are more valuable than physic. 

"This experience directed my attention and reflection to hos- 
pital work. I have studied the subject during my leisure hours 
and examined hospitals whenever possible. My visits among dif- 
ferent conditions of people in our community convinced me of the 
benefits to be derived from an institution of this character here. 

"I now have the pleasure of informing you that my desire has 
culminated in a finished group of buildings on West Main 
Street, furnished and equipped for the purposes of a hospital. 
The construction and furnishing, as far as possible, have been 
done by our own home people. 

"The hospital consists of five buildings: the Administration 
Building in the center, 38 x 36 feet, two stories and basement; 
Male and Female pavilions, each 31 x 62 feet, one story high; 
a Surgical Building, 17 x 27 feet, at the rear of the Administra- 
tion Building, and a low one-story building containing the Au- 
topsy and Mortuary and carriage shed. The first four of these 
are connected by corridors, enclosed in winter, and the last 
entirely isolated on lower ground at the rear of the east pavilion. 


"Upon the first floor of the Administration Building are 
located reception room, medical ofTice, matron's room, dining- 
room, and surgical ward. Upon the second floor are two 
special pay wards, two chambers for nurses, bath-room, lava- 
tory, and closets. In the basement are kitchen, store-rooms, 
heating apparatus, and laundry. 

"The east and west pavilions each contain a free ward with 
seven beds, two pay wards, one bed each, diet kitchen, linen 
closet, patients' clothes closet, medicine closet, bath, and lava- 

"The ground contains 4.55 acres. The architects. Rand & 
Taylor, of Boston, Massachusetts, make hospital architecture 
a specialty. They have planned a very simple yet comprehen- 
sive and complete contagious ward, to be located later on the 
rear of the lot. They have endeavored to produce, as far as 
possible, an ideal small hospital, having all the absolute essen- 
tials of a large institution yet so carefully and economically 
studied as to be possible under such conditions as surround us. 

"The total number of patients' beds are twenty-two, includ- 
ing two in the surgical ward. These beds are the same as those 
in the Johns Hopkins Hospital, and were designed by Dr. Hurd, 
superintendent of that institution. 

"The heating, ventilating, and sanitary arrangements are all 
worked out in the most complete manner, every precaution 
being taken to produce the most perfect conditions in all sick 
wards of which modern hospital science is capable. The sani- 
tary appliances are all of the simplest, strongest character, 
everything open and accessible. 

"The heating is with steam, and in the wards is indirect; the 
air-ducts, both inlet and outlet, are proportioned to their use. 
All beds have special ventilation in addition to the top and 
bottom vents of the rooms, — the surgical ward and operating 
room having extra ventilating capacity. 

"The entire buildings are lighted by electricity from our 
town plant. Electric bells and speaking tubes connect every 
department, and telephones bring the hospital in connection 
with all sections of the town. 


"The finish is absolutely plain with rounded edges and curved 
inner angles, every dust-catching and dust-retaining member 
being eliminated. 

"Although no money is wasted upon the exterior of the insti- 
tution, we wished to have as pleasing an effect produced as pos- 
sible. The architects have adopted a simple Renaissance style, 
having in the low pitch and broad overhang of the roofs a 
Spanish feeling, capable of producing a stately as well as pic- 
turesque effect. 

"The buildings and equipment have cost about $30,000 (a 
detailed statement will be furnished in the first published report 
of the trustees). What remains of $50,000 I will place as an 
endowment on the hospital, which will yield probably $1200 
annually. It will require at least $4000 — I trust that some of 
the other speakers may indicate to you the necessity of raising 
sufficient revenue and how to do it. 

"This is not an institution for the exhibition of brilliant sur- 
gery and specialties in diseases by renowned experts. It is sim- 
ply a cottage hospital, a home for the care and treatment of 
those sick and injured citizens of Durham who are deprived of 
the favorable conditions that are necessary for their comfort 
and the successful management of their maladies. The pure 
air, sunlight, good food, and careful nursing which this institu- 
tion will afford will of themselves save many lives which would 
be sacrificed under the poorer sanitary conditions of many 
homes and boarding-houses. 

"There is one thing to which I desire to call your attention. 
As far as I can learn it is the only hospital in the State or this 
section (not receiving government assistance) which has a real 
charity feature connected with it. In Wilmington, Raleigh, 
and Danville patients are required to pay five dollars per week 
for admittance to the charity wards. We propose to give all 
persons in need care and treatment absolutely without price; 
yet it should be borne in mind that the service is not necessarily 
free. All those who are able to pay for their care and medical 
attendance will be expected to do so. The doors of the hospital 
are always open, however, and are open for all. 


"Our physicians from the beginning have heartily taken up 
the work and will give freely of their time and ability. The 
work is just begun. Do we realize what the proper conduct of 
this hospital means to them? The medical and surgical staff, 
which includes all members of the Durham Academy of Medi- 
cine, pledge to this institution their faithful and continued 
service, absolutely without hope of any reward whatever except 
the consciousness that they are exemplifying those humane and 
chivalrous traits which are not tradition only, but are a living, 
daily record with the medical profession everywhere. They 
enter upon the arduous work cheerfully, hopefully, and 1 bid 
them God-speed; but unless this hospital differs from every 
other occasions will arise when they will especially need the 
steadfast confidence of all good citizens. For, give of their time 
and skill as faithfully and freely as they may, poor human 
nature will sometimes refuse to respond, remedies will fail, and 
life goes out, perhaps without any apparent cause. Then when 
the baffled physician is himself bewailing the impotence of hu- 
man knowledge and human effort, let us see to it that he is not 
further depressed by the criticism or ingratitude of the thought- 
less and unworthy. We must do more than give our money and 
our service; we must remember to be loyal in our support of 
those who are the special instruments to carry out the work of 
this, our institution. 

"Great care has been taken to arrange the administration of 
this hospital so that it shall never be managed by a few persons 
who may lose sight of the fact that it is built for and belongs to 
the people. Party politics, sect, nor clique can obtain control; 
the trustees are appointed by the several religious bodies. Hos- 
pital Aid Association, Academy of Medicine, Town Commis- 
sioners, Trinity College, and the donor. 

"In conclusion, Mr. Chairman, it gives me pleasure to place 
in your hands, as a representative of the citizens of Durham, 
this deed of gift. May the door of Watts Hospital never be 
closed to the suffering for lack of liberal contributions, of will- 
ing service, or kindly sympathy. May it ever be conducted in 
the true Christian or Christ-like spirit, where all distinctions of 


class or creed fade away in the one universal desire to bind up 
the wounds, to relieve the pains, and strengthen the courage 
of our common humanity." 

Here Mr. Watts presented the deed to the President, Mr. 

To this graceful speech Mr. C. B. Green responded in behalf 
of the town and accepted the generous gift. He spoke of the 
epochs in the history of men, towns, and communities. This 
was one of them. The scenes of to-night will be indelibly im- 
pressed upon the hearts of all the people. Time might destroy 
the beautiful building, but the philanthropic spirit, the Christ- 
like charity thus manifested will live on and on when these 
bodies shall have returned to the dust from whence they sprung. 
"The people of Durham thank you, yea, thrice thank you for 
this beneficent gift." 

Rev. J. C. Kilgo made the address. It was a stirring and elo- 
quent effort. Great ideas ruled the world. Mr. Watts had 
great ideas and had set a living example which would live and 
grow. Speaking to Mr. Watts he said: "You do not know what 
you have done. You have made a revelation of yourself to us; 
we know you better than we ever did before. You have sur- 
rendered yourself to us; it will not be Mr. or Colonel, but plain 
George Watts; you have become the property of your fellow- 
men. God bless you." 

The meeting was then thrown open to citizens who desired to 
express themselves. Dr. A. E. Yates said his remarks were im- 
promptu but on paper. Education, religion, and high-toned 
journalism were the great factors in this life. He spoke of our 
churches. Trinity College, and the magnificent Watts Hospital, 
and what a blessing they were to humanity. His remarks were 
at times witty and produced much good feeling. 

R. B. Boone spoke from a sense of high appreciation for the 
man who had so much of the image of his Maker in him. It was 
a great institution. When the idea was first born in the mind 
of the donor, there was by his side a gentle spirit, not seen, but 
who encouraged and helped it on. The honors were partly hers. 

H. A. Foushee spoke of those in "single cussedness," and pic- 

tured Durham fifty years hence when the Watts Medical Uni- 
versity would be a great institution in the then great city of 
Durham. Its blessings would go on through all generations. 
He was glad we had such citizens who could accomplish such 
grand works. 

Dr. A. G. Carr made a humorous little talk in behalf of the 
medical profession. It was a splendid, well-equipped institu- 
tion. We can now have the best of medical care and operations 
performed without going away from home. 

Captain E. J. Parrish spoke of the great responsibility the 
transfer of this institution carries with it. He urged the organi- 
zation of Watts Hospital Associations. The annual payment 
was only two dollars. Every citizen should join and thus carry 
on the grand work. 

The by-laws governing the trustees and the hospital were 
read by the Secretary of the Board, Mr. J. L. Markham. 

The benediction was pronounced by Rev. J. W. Wellons, and 
the large audience dispersed with warm Christian hearts and 
a just pride in the noble gift and work Mr. Watts has made 
and put on foot. 

Durham's appreciation can best be shown by standing close 
to this institution. 

Daily Sun, Durham, February 22, 1895. 



I SPENT an hour this morning at the Watts Hospital. It has 
been open just a little over a year, and ever since its doors were 
open I have intended to visit and to tell the readers of the News 
and Observer something about its perfect equipment and be- 
neficent work. Every traveler on the North Carolina Railroad 
as he enters Durham from the west has admired the good taste 

1:62 3 

that the exterior of the hospital presents. The plan is a simple 
Renaissance style, giving in the low pitch and broad overhang 
of the roofs a Spanish appearance which provides a stately as 
well as picturesque effect. The interior arrangements, planned 
with a view to the special needs for which the generous donor 
founded it, are even more perfect and complete. The finish is 
plain, with rounded edges and curved inner angles, every dust- 
catching and dust-retaining member being eliminated. 

The hospital consists of five buildings: the Administration 
Building in the center, 38 x 36 feet, two stories and basement; 
Male and Female Pavilions, each 31 x62 feet, one story high; 
a Surgical Building, 17 x 27 feet, at the rear of the Administra- 
tion Building, and a low one-story building containing the 
Autopsy and Mortuary, and carriage shed. The first four of 
these are connected by corridors, enclosed in glass in winter, 
and the last entirely isolated on the lower ground, at the rear 
of the east pavilion. These commodious and well constructed 
buildings stand in an enclosure of nearly five acres, which is 
being beautified by grass and shrubbery. 

From the moment you enter the front door you are impressed 
with the sweetness and cleanliness, the laundry and kitchen 
being as bright and as cheerful-looking as the neat reception 
room or the office of the doctors. The pay wards and the free 
wards are models of neatness and comfort. At the head of each 
bed (there are twenty-two) is an electric bell by which the 
patient can summon immediate attendance, and an electric 
light which gives light to the patient without disturbing those 
in adjoining cots. The beds are the same as those in the Johns 
Hopkins Hospital, and were designed by Dr. Hurd, superin- 
tendent of that institution. 

The heating, ventilating, and sanitary arrangements have 
been worked out in the most complete manner, every precaution 
having been taken to produce the most perfect conditions in 
all sick wards of which modern hospital science is capable. 
Particularly are the sanitary appliances to be commended. 
They are all of the simplest and strongest character — every- 
thing open and accessible. 


There is not a method of ventilating, a surgical instrument, a 
comfort or convenience — in a word, there is nothing that could 
add to the completeness that is wanting, and I was astonished 
at the many devices of ventilation, heating, and for surgery 
that the donor had provided, and provided in a way that chal- 
lenges admiration of the skill in arrangement as well as in the 
generosity that prompted the gift. It is evident that Mr. Watts 
gave as much time in planning as in money to make this lovely 
ideal hospital. 

Not long ago friends asked Mr. Watts what influenced him 
in the beginning to build the hospital, and he said: 

"Three years ago I was, for a short while, a patient in a hos- 
pital, and only then did I fully learn the invaluable services of 
her we term a trained nurse. With her womanly gentleness, 
given to her by God, augmented by years of study, reflection, 
and experience, she becomes almost a heavenly visitant, an 
angel of mercy at the bedside of the sick. She knows his needs; 
she realizes his condition ; her hand is always ready to make him 
comfortable; her earnest sympathy encourages him; her firm- 
ness stimulates him, and her training enables her to faithfully 
carry out the physicians' instructions. More than once I have 
been told that her services are more valuable than physic. 

"This experience directed my attention and reflection to hos- 
pital work. I have studied the subject during my leisure hours, 
and examined hospitals whenever possible. My visits among 
different conditions of people in our community convinced me 
of the benefits to be derived from an institution of this char- 
acter here." 

Mr. Watts has given |50,ooo to the hospital. The total cost 
of the ground, buildings, furnishings, and advancements for 
expenses was $29,944.68 — say $30,000 in round numbers. In 
addition to paying this sum out in cash Mr. Watts has given 
I9000 in Durham & Northern Railway bonds (6 per cent.), 
$5000 in Rocky Mount Mills bonds (6 per cent.), and $6000 in 
Riverside cotton mill stock. The interest from these stocks 
and bonds gives an income of about $1200 per year; the city of 
Durham appropriates I900 per year, and the other expenses, 


approximating $4000 per year, are met by pay patients (this 
brought in I708.53 the first ten months), the aid association, 
and other donations and gifts. 

The hospital is managed by a Board of Trustees as follows: 
George W. Watts, President; B. N. Duke, Vice-President; John 
L. Markham, Secretary; Leo D. Heartt, Treasurer; W. W. 
Fuller, E. J. Parrish, Dr. A. G. Carr, M. A. Angier, Rev. J. C. 
Kilgo, L. A. Carr, W. L. Wall, and S. T. Morgan, representing 
every church and every benevolent organization in Durham. 
There is no sectarianism about the hospital. Nobody asks any 
questions about church. The measure of need is the measure 
of help extended. One of the nurses is a Catholic, and she is as 
efficient and as popular as any Presbyterian in a community 
in which there are few Catholics. 

The Durham Academy of Medicine give to the hospital, 
without charge, their services, and are as faithful in minister- 
ing to the suffering poor as to any millionaire patient. Regu- 
larly two of them are in charge two months at a time, alternat- 
ing in such manner that at no time do two take their turns at 
the same time. They feel a great pride in the institution, hav- 
ing long felt more keenly than the other members of the com- 
munity the need of a place for the treatment of those who 
needed quiet and skilled training. Sixty-eight persons were 
treated the first ten months, and there were twenty-seven sur- 
gical operations, forty-seven discharged cured, eleven im- 
proved, and only two died. This attests the ability of the 
attending physicians. 

The matron. Miss Florence McNulty, is now absent on a 
short leave. The trustees have put on record that "she is wise 
in her management of all details pertaining to the hospital. 
Physicians, patients, nurses, servants, and all who come into 
communication with her acknowledge her master hand in di- 
recting affairs." 

A Lady Board of Visitors, of which Mrs. Bessie Leak is Pres- 
ident and Mrs. James A. Robinson Secretary, visit the hospital 
regularly, and have been very helpful in their supervision and 


One of the good agencies of the hospital is a training school 
for professional nurses, and there are now several young wo- 
men under training, and instruction and lectures are given by 
all the members of Durham Academy of Medicine. 

I have thus gone into particulars about the arrangement of 
this hospital, its management, its first year's useful work, for 
two purposes: 

I. To show how much good a generous rich man can do 
when he mixes his money, his brains, and his heart. Mr. Watts 
did not build this hospital by his money alone. He saw the 
need of a place where those who could not have the quiet and 
best attention at home could be tenderly nursed back to health 
and strength, and a place where the lack of money would not 
debar any one. When he gave the hospital, in a formal pres- 
entation speech, Mr. Watts used these words (and they are an 
index to the motives that actuate his life) : "It has been my de- 
sire for several years to show my appreciation of your fellow- 
ship and kindness, and to do so in such a manner as would bene- 
fit our people and glorify the name of the Master who has 
placed in my hands means with which to honor Him, and the 
responsibility of one of His stewards." There never yet lived a 
man, poor or rich, who thus felt his responsibility to God, who 
did not find or make a way to help or to lift up his fellow-men. 

Mr. Watts is one among the few rich men who regards him- 
self as one of God's stewards, has it in his heart to "glorify the 
Master." He has done it in a way that the Master would ap- 
prove, for this hospital has already brought hope and health to 
many, and will be a place of refuge and a haven of rest for the 
sick of earth for all time to come. While not inappreciative of 
commendation of his fellows, Mr. Watts finds his chief grati- 
fication in the knowledge that he has been the means of bringing 
back health to the sick and giving release from deformity or 
injury to those who stood in need of the surgeon's knife. And 
in this further fact: that the usefulness of this hospital will not 
end with his life, but will stand as a place of help to the sick of 
generations yet unborn. In these feelings of love for his fel- 
lows and stewardship for the Master, Mr. Watts has the sym- 


pathy and active help of his wife, who seconds all the generous 
deeds that are associated with his name. On the occasion of 
the formal presentation of the hospital R. B. Boone, Esq., turn- 
ing to Mrs. Watts, said: "Madam, I present to you the grati- 
tude of this community for the beneficent influence of your 
Christian life over that of your husband, which influence is evi- 
denced by the gift of to-night. You inspired the benediction, 
your husband bestowed it. Honors are even." 

2. I hope that the example of Mr. Watts here in Durham 
(as well as the example of the late John Rex, who bequeathed 
money to found the Rex Hospital in Raleigh) will induce 
wealthy men in other towns and cities to forever associate their 
names with a public hospital for their towns. There are twenty 
towns in the State that need such a hospital. The man who 
founds, even if he does not endow, a hospital in his community 
is the Good Samaritan to those of his own and future genera- 

JosEPHus Daniels, in the Newi and Observer, 
Raleigh, North Carolina, March 17, 1896. 



'They serve God well who serve His creatures'' 



'HE WATTS HOSPITAL yesterday became the 
property of the city and county of Durham by 
formal tender of its donor, Mr. George W. 
Watts, and upon one condition only, that it be 
used as a hospital and be open always to the 
indigent sufferers of Durham. 

The joy of the hour was greater than the author of that good 
gift had hoped. He thought there might be a coterie of personal 
friends and professionalists who might go out and inspect the 
premises, share with him the enthusiasm of his proffer, but he 
did not expect half the number who came and trod upon each 
other's feet for standing room to hear the exercises. Three 
times as many stood entirely outside, caught a desultory word 
and sentence, joined in the applause, and imbibed the spirit of 
the occasion, which was among the half dozen biggest things 
ever done in Durham. 

Persons skilled in the manipulation of crowds guessed looo 
to be there. Those more skilled set the figures higher. From 
the car line a steady stream of vehicles, horses and buggies, 
phaetons, landeaus, automobiles, and cabs, kept the traffic up 
until after the ceremonies began, and many walked all the way. 
It was hospital day and the people were there. 

Raleigh sent up a large delegation of physicians, among them 
being Doctors Richard Henry Lewis, Hubert A. Royster, Al- 
bert Anderson, W. S. Rankin, A. W. Goodwin, Delia Dixon 
Carroll, and Miss Orchard, of the Rex Hospital. From Greens- 
boro came Doctors J. W. Long and B. B. Williams, the first 
named of these being one of the most noted of state surgeons. 
Many other physicians from counties adjacent were there, the 
difTiculty of obtaining their names being all the greater by rea- 
son of the jam at the general entrance door. 

At 2.45 Captain E. J. Parrish, chairman of the committee 
on arrangements, made a brief introductory address stating 
the object of the exercises. In presenting Rev. E. R. Leyburn, 
of the Presbyterian Church, Captain Parrish said he felt that 
such a ceremony as that which had for its object the reception 
of a gift like this should be opened with prayer, and Mr. Ley- 
burn offered a petition which covered the spirit of giving and 
the spirit of receiving. Mr. Watts was then introduced, and in 
a speech of five minutes turned over to Mr. James H. Southgate 
the deed to the property, adding the first instalment of the 
donation, $100,000, and giving his personal pledge of enough 
cash to balance the interest on the other $100,000. Long ap- 
plause greeted this announcement. It lasted a full minute and 
again did it appear that more friends and better friends were 
behind the munificent offering of one man to all men. 

The spirit of all the speeches yesterday was most harmoni- 
ous. All struck independently upon the same idea and treated 
it their own way. The acceptance of so large a gift was no 
easy ceremony, and representatives of all elements of the coun- 
ty's life spoke feelingly of the new duties the institution opens 
to every person in the city. 

The printed program, marked for its brevity, was followed. 
The responses came in their order, and music divided the speak- 
ing periods into short whiles. When the ceremonies were de- 
clared complete the people were invited to go through the 
buildings to inspect them, and the real magnificence of the in- 
stitution was thereby gained. But a moment's hesitation at 
any one of the buildings was possible. A perfect labyrinth of 
rooms, closets, wards, toilets, and all accessories was met. 


The lobby where the exercises were held probably seated 
300 people. The speech of Mr. Watts offering the institution 
is printed elsewhere, and Mr. James H. Southgate arose to 
the response for the Board of Trustees. "Thirty years ago," 
he smiled broadly, "when I was an old man, there were but two 
places which Durham people could visit daily, the post-ofTice 
and the railway station. It was about this time that we learned 
of a young Marylander who was to come here, purchase an in- 
terest in the W. Duke & Sons factory, and be one of us. I 
remember well the young stranger, younger and better looking 
then we were, because he wore a tailor-made gown, or, I should 
have said, suit, and we didn't. He was as quiet as a girl and 
as gentle as two girls. He was sober that day, and I might say 
now that it has been more than thirty years since we took one 
together. He came here then and projected his life rightly. 

"As old men and members of the old Commonwealth Club 
we used to plan for the city's future, and there were laid such 
foundations that no one of the two or three generations to 
come will be able to build such superstructures as to break these 
foundations down. And since coming here his life has radiated 
its goodness in all directions, until his gifts are felt in Union 
Theological Seminary, in Elizabeth College, in Barium Springs 
Orphanage. And to-day there is no city whose philanthropies 
have been so great as those of our own Durham. 

"That philanthropy has been constructive and preventive. 
It is over the entire world, and comes to tell us that we grow 
better with the years. There is one man, Mr. Kennedy, willing 
$25,000,000 to education; there is the great generosity of Mr. 
Carnegie, of which you have read so much; another man tells 
us that we have the hook-worm in the South and gives a million 
to fight it; we find another giving largely for the fight against 
pellagra, and all for that preventive purpose characteristic of 
giving. Let this great wave of philanthropy roll on. And, 
changing the figure, let it be a river which widens and deepens 
on its sweep. 

"I want you young men to-day to study the life of this young 
Marylander. He has always been on the right side, and from 
such a pinnacle his words and deeds fall with the added gravity 


of one standing upon such heights. I want you to look upon 
him as one of the State's noblest philanthropists, who has taught 
us how to spend and how to give. 

"We accept this great institution, Mr. President, and from 
this day let us set it apart and pray that it shall ever produce 
the fruit of soundness in men." 


Following music by the orchestra, Mayor Griswold rose to a 
short acceptance on the part of the city of Durham through the 
Board of Aldermen, of which board he is ex-officio chairman. 
He referred to the first report of Mr. Watts, in which it was 
prophesied that the institution now about to be abandoned 
would prove inadequate to the growing needs of the county and 
the immediate vicinity. He referred to the high Christian 
character of the giver, and pledged the city's best to enter as 
properly in the spirit of receiving as the philanthropist had 
done in the giving. 


County Attorney W. J. Brogden, for the Board of Commis- 
sioners, accepted the hospital and traced the growth of the com- 
munity idea from the first to its high expression in the great 

He defined religion, science, and brotherhood as the great tan- 
gible triumvirate which put mankind in condition to redeem or 
be redeemed. The first must move men to something better, 
science must tell them what it is, and brotherhood must direct 
the goodness in the right channels. With these principles the 
philanthropist becomes the prophet. He is the seer, gazes into 
the "dreamy yet to be," when he hears the voice of the "ever- 
lasting now." 

Mr. Brogden took over for the county commissioners the 
county's part of the gift, and declaring that nature is full of 
redemption and that this hospital is redemptive in its aims, he 
closed his ten minutes address, which was applauded among the 
most heartily of them all. 


Dr. a. C. Jordan responded for the County Medical Society. 
He was reminiscent for a moment, and rehearsed the gifts of 
Mr. Watts and spoke of the County Medical Society's joy in 
the new institution. He read the resolutions passed by that 
body thanking him for the institution and pledging the society 
to proper effort to manage the large trust reposed in them. 

Elsewhere appears the complete text of Dr. J. C. Kilgo's 
written remarks uttered in such fine taste and excellent Eng- 
lish. Mr. Watts's written remarks, terse, exactly to the issue, 
will also be found in another column. 

It was announced that the following officers of the hospital will 
be known in connection with the institution : George W. Watts, 
President; John Sprunt Hill, Vice-President; Professor A. H. 
Merritt, Secretary; P. W. Vaughan, Treasurer. 

The Board of Trustees will be composed of George W. Watts, 
F. L. Fuller, B. N. Duke, and John Sprunt Hill, appointed by 
Mr. Watts. Appointed by the mayor and representing the 
Board of Aldermen will be Alderman R. L. Lindsey, and upon 
the Hospital Aid Association's vacancy of one man J. Ed. Stagg 
is named. Dr. N. M. Johnson represents the Durham Medical 
Society, Professor A. H. Merritt is Trinity College's appointee, 
P. W. Vaughan represents the Baptist Church, Rev. E. R. Ley- 
burn the Presbyterian, Captain E. J. Parrish Trinity Church, 
and Dr. J. M. Manning the Episcopal. 

The charter provides for twelve trustees and it can be 
changed only by the legislature. But at the next general as- 
sembly application will be made for an increase in the number, 
and it will, of course, be granted. The Board of Lady Visitors 
will be composed of Mesdames J. S. Mesley, L. L. Morehead, 
J. Harper Erwin, C. W. Toms, Q. E. Rawls, B. L. Tyree, J. C. 
Michie, W. C. Barrett, J. S. Hill, W. D. Carmichael, George W. 
Watts, and J. S. Carr, Jr. 

For a sort of ready reference there have been compiled a few 
short facts about the hospital which will be interesting to pre- 
serve. They follow: 

This new Watts Hospital is situated just northwest of the 
city limits, on a beautiful eminence overlooking Trinity College 
and West Durham. The architect is Bertrand E. Taylor, of 
Boston, one of the best known hospital architects in the world. 
He built more than two hundred hospitals in the United States 
and other countries. 

The contractor is John L. Wilson, of Richmond, Virginia, 
who built the Jefferson Hotel at Richmond, Mutual Building 
at Richmond, and many other expensive buildings in the South- 
ern States. During the past few years he has devoted his at- 
tention almost entirely to reinforced concrete structures. 

The Watts Hospital is a thoroughly fire-proof structure, built 
of reinforced concrete and brick. The main building is three 
stories high and the other buildings two stories high. The total 
cost of land and buildings to date is $217,000. In the early 
spring a nurses' home is to be built, which will bring the cost 
up to about 1250,000 for land and buildings. The endowment 
of building, given entirely by Mr. Watts, is $200,000. The 
building at present will accommodate seventy-one patients, and 
as soon as the nurses' home can be built it will accommodate 
ninety patients. It is, therefore, four times as large as the pres- 
ent hospital. 

Its equipment is as good as any hospital in the United States 
so far as it goes. It is beautifully situated on a high hill about 
one half mile northwest of Trinity College, and overlooks the 
entire city of Durham. It is in the center of a well-graded plot 
of land consisting of twenty-five acres. Upon twelve acres of 
this ground there is a fine growth of oak and hickory trees. For 
detailed description of each building call upon Mr. George W. 
Watts or visit the buildings themselves. 

This gives no detail, and minutis is one of the wonders of 
the institution. Near the general entrance will be observed the 
superintendent's office, the private office, and one moves but a 


few steps until one begins to comment upon the doors. They 
are all of ash, prettily painted, and inviting. Nobody would 
ever fail to open one of them. The telephone system is very 
ingenious. Instantaneous connection with all parts of the 
building follows the pressing of the correct button, and it is the 
best that such an institution could find. When one emerges 
from the first suite of offices one goes into the nurses' parlor, 
and from there to the patients' examination room. From there 
is wound the way to the resident physicians' rooms, but there 
will be none of these until the graduation of young physicians 
next spring. There will be two then. 

Passing along, the attention is directed to the floors, every 
particle of which is of the most enduring concrete. The thought 
of fire bankrupts the imagination, but there hang the significant 
twenty-three extinguishers which could wrestle with any blaze 
that could reasonably be expected to start there. Going on, the 
nurses' dining-room, a place that looks like a modern hotel, will 
be seen, and the serving room, a bailiwick laid ofi" for those who 
are on sentry all the time, is next met. 

The maternity room, well lighted, with noiseless chairs and 
lights for gas or electricity, a rolling screen, and sterilizers 
plentiful, was seen by the visitors, and a place known as the gen- 
eral sitting-room was then viewed. The interesting baby room, 
with attachable bed-baskets and a private suite for the nurses, 
came among the never-ending number of divisions in the build- 
ings. Private rooms for ladies, linen closets, the children's ar- 
cade and balcony, constructed so as to make impossible their 
falling over, connect the three-story building with the charity 
wards. All of these fixtures are of copper, the best possible 
metal, and have an undoubted quality of endurance and stabil- 
ity. The two-story building has duplicate rooms, and what is 
seen below is also viewed above. The general ward room with 
six beds, equipped with all the furniture, rolling chairs, and 
screens that the best ones have, shows upon what scale the insti- 
tution can take care of those not able to provide for themselves, 
and there is a convalescents' dining-room. 



This hospital is to have a dietitian, one person whose sole care 
is the kind of food that the patients shall be entitled to use. She 
is not to be a nurse and will have no other duties than those 
pertinent to the convalescents or the more ill patients require 
as to diet. The dietitian will be here soon, and just as iMr. 
Watts would not purchase any but the best fixtures for his hos- 
pital, so did he act in the choice of people, and his head of this 
new department will have all necessary credentials. 

The ward in which the operations are done is one among the 
last in the excursion through the hospital. There is perhaps 
the most interesting and complete room of them all. Equipped 
with a great sterilizer in which all instruments are dipped pre- 
paratory to use, there are individual sterilizers all about it so 
that an instrument dropped or anywise infected may be imme- 
diately dropped into those basins nearer and used again. The 
tables work easily and are adapted to all kinds of position. Ad- 
joining or near by is the anesthetic room and not far away the 
X-ray, which can be made a dungeon in darkness with a simple 
touch of the fixtures in the room. 

Not a more up-to-date feature is found than the big mattress 
disinfector, something very new here. The instrument par- 
takes greatly of the nature of a great boiler, and the bed and its 
clothes are put into it. When thoroughly steamed and all 
germs put to a finish, in the superabundance of care the clothes 
are not again exposed to the room through which they were 
taken, but are carried through another. And this big mattress 
machine has one end in the pure room while the other is in the 
infected one. 

There is the gildless mortuary room, one of the morbid mem- 
ories that one must carry, but a necessity. Patients die some- 
times despite the hospitals and the skill. An isolated ward is 
reserved for those contagious diseases which find their way into 
the hospital despite all efforts to thwart them. No such cases 
are admitted, but once broken out there is this room which will 


give the patient treatment, yet all of the hospital community 
complete separation from the diseased man. There is a lab- 
oratory fitted up in connection with the institution, and it is 
adapted to the experiments that the doctors will make. 

Away from the hospital and connected with the walk the 
engine-room and laundry are noticed; but these were not vis- 
ited yesterday. Electric irons for the laundresses are provided, 
and the engine-room is ready soon to run the hospital with elec- 
tricity. To the west of these the best half of the twenty-five- 
acre site is being developed for a park to be used by the hospital. 
The front is bare now, but gardeners are getting it ready for its 
carpet of green next year, and by the close of the next summer 
it is expected that the campus will be as beautiful as everything 
else about the place is. 

Circular troughs, running so as to carry all water to a certain 
point, have been provided and the drainage is perfect. There 
will be no washing, and the front of the hospital campus will 
soon be alluring in its attractiveness. 

The excursion through the buildings is now finished, and one 
feels impelled to ask who are to be physician-in-charge and all 
of the heads. So far as the hospital itself goes there will be no 
head. The Durham County Medical Association will direct 
the institution, and what physicians are brought here will be 
under their direction. Each physician will be assigned to what- 
ever work is laid out, and persons having their own physicians 
and coming there will not be denied their ministrations. There 
will be no visible head, and a harmonious working is assured. 
Miss Wyche is head nurse, and there will be something like 
twenty in that institution. 

Such, briefly, are the inside features of the sanatorium. Of 
the man and his impulses everybody in Durham and North 
Carohna well knows. Christian charity and pagan philan- 
thropists have had their champions since history began to write 
their deeds, and neither has been willing to admit that the one 
antedated the other. The great gifts of the enormously rich 
find their authors divided, a pious Rockefeller on the one side 
and a doubtfully religious Carnegie giving as freely without 

regard for the thing men call religion. There is an irreligious 
Stephen Girard and his college pledged to the secular spirit 
solely, but there is a more splendid expression in a score of 
really religious men who heed the still small voice within them. 
There is an egoist who protests that all of these generous gifts 
in hospitals, asylums, and their kindred are but the assertion of 
selfishness where the community assumes the attitude of the 
individual and declines to harbor the sick, the maimed, and 

All of these disagreeing factors searching for the secret 
springs of human action might well agree that there is in our 
midst one man who has accepted the Nazarene's simple dictum, 
that a kindness to one of the least of men is a ministration to 
the greatest of men; that no personal equation has entered into 
this broad charity. It is a corporate Good Samaritan, the con- 
crete expression of human service, an inspiration founded in 
the aspiration to be the chief among men — and their servant, 
and lastly the gift of love out of the pure heart of George W. 
Watts, of Durham. 

George W. Watts, in turning over the hospital to the city of 
Durham, said: 

"Fifteen years ago, February 21 next, we presented to Dur- 
ham the hospital on Main Street, containing twenty-one beds 
and costing 130,000, with an endowment of |20,ooo. 

"For some three or four years afterward we were much dis- 
appointed in the failure of the public in general to make use of 
the institution. Yet the reasons now seem obvious. But few 
of the smaller cities or larger towns had hospitals, and their 
uses were not only not known, but misapprehended by the large 
majority of our citizens. They were regarded as places where 
the sick were taken to die, and those in need of surgical atten- 
tion to be mutilated. Time was required to correct this im- 
pression and educate the people as to the true intent and pur- 
pose of the hospital. 

"Those in charge and our medical fraternity continued faith- 
ful in advocating the advantages to the sick of such a place. 
Those who had been patients were pleased and told others of 
their experiences. The hospital then began to grow in popular 


favor, until there ceased to be room for the applicants. This 
required, in the spring of 1906, an additional two-story build- 
ing, containing eight wards with the necessary baths, kitchens, 
etc. Even this, however, did not supply the demands and the 
opportunity of doing the greatest amount of good, so we began 
to think of bigger and better things. The matter was carefully 
considered for many months and discussed with my family. 
We concluded that a new hospital, to meet all the demands for 
years to come and modern in all respects, might be erected for 
about 175,000. Then the architect was sent for and a location 
sought. He disapproved of an addition to the old hospital be- 
cause of lack of room as well as the noise and smoke from the 
street and trains. Sentiment for the old place was hard to over- 
come. The present location was selected after careful inspec- 
tion of all the available sites near Durham. The architects 
submitted plans; these were changed as other useful features 
were suggested, until the final plans had grown several times 
larger than originally contemplated. Work was started in May, 
1908, and now, after nineteen months, we bid you welcome to 
the consummation of the first group of buildings, which we 
believe you will find as nearly complete as a small hospital can 
be. Much work yet remains to be done on the grounds ; this will 
be continued until the grounds are as complete as the buildings. 

"It is our desire and purpose to erect next year a nurses' home 
on the north side of the main building, similar in outward ap- 
pearance to the general pavilion now on the south side. 

"We also hope from time to time, as the demands for more 
space grow, to add other pavilions, or wards, in conformity to a 
plan for a large group of buildings. 

"In response to a desire expressed by many it may not be 
amiss to give approximately the cost, as follows : 

Land, grading, drives, fencing, etc $25,000.00 

Buildings 1 74,000.00 

Furniture and equipment (not including what we 

can use from old hospital) 14,000.00 

Water pipings, etc 2,800.00 

X-ray and clinical laboratory (estimated) 1,200.00 

Total I2 1 7,000.00 


"And now, Mr. Chairman, it is a great pleasure to hand to 
you, as the representative of the trustees and the people, the 
deed for this property, to be yours as long as it is used exclu- 
sively for a hospital for the sick, at which board, attention, and 
nursing shall be free to the indigent sick of Durham City and 
County. May it ever be conducted in the true Christian or 
Christ-like spirit, where all distinctions of class or creed fade 
away in the one universal desire to bind up the wounds, to re- 
lieve the pains, and strengthen the courage of our common hu- 

"In addition, Mr. Chairman, I hand you securities amount- 
ing to $100,000 to be added to the endowment. At a convenient 
time I will increase the endowment to |20o,ooo, and until this 
is done I shall contribute in cash sufficient to make the income 
from this source as if the amount of the endowment was already 


President J. C. Kilgo, of Trinity College, made the following 
address : 


"The event which calls us together to-day creates a new date 
in the calendar of Durham. These splendid buildings, occupy- 
ing the summit of this hill and overlooking our city, appeal to 
every noble impulse of our minds and inspire in us all a gratitude 
which we cannot express. The brick and mortar and timber 
which have gone into their construction are visible and can be 
easily reckoned in their commercial values and estimated in 
their architectural form. But as expensive as they are, they do 
not constitute the real material out of which this superb hos- 
pital has been built. Into these walls has been put an invisible 
material which was not dug out of the clay or cut out of the 
forests, nor can it be measured in cubic yards and valued in the 
terms of the market. 

"Here the things which do appear were made of the things 
which do not appear. Faith, hope, and love have gone into 
every piece of material that is in these buildings, while they are 
the eternal foundation that holds these walls in place and gives 
to them incalculable worth. These are the things that shine 


with immortal splendor from these walls and stir in us the deep- 
est feelings of thankfulness. 

"Nothing seems surer in the world than that goodness is 
steadily winning its battle. Its advance has been and is still 
slow and oftentimes apparently not at all, but in events like this 
is proclaimed its progress, and faith is given another indisput- 
able reason for its hopes. Listening to voices of sorrow, wit- 
nessing the struggles of men, and seeing the desperate powers 
of evil that are at work on all sides, one is apt to grow despond- 
ent and yield himself to gloom and to despair. But the world 
has come a long distance of progress from the reign of paganism 
and brutal disregard of human needs to this moment and to this 
place. It is a long distance from the savage custom of slaugh- 
tering the captives of war to the patient and expensive care in 
well-ordered hospitals of the wounded enemy taken on the field 
of battle. 

"Freedom has come a long journey from the days when in 
Attica there were three slaves to every freeman, and in Sparta 
seven Helots to every free citizen. Rome in the vainglory of 
its greed, lust, and blind brutality boasted that when the Colos- 
seum, that temple of bestial shame and wild savagery, fell, 
then Rome would fall, and when Rome fell the world would 
fall. But the Colosseum has fallen and Rome has fallen, yet 
the world abides and in the place of the temple of human 
slaughter are schools and asylums and hospitals and churches. 
These things tell the story of human progress and assure the 
faith of those who truly believe in the triumphant destiny of 
truth and righteousness. 

"Such deeds as this are therefore of deep and far-reaching 
meaning. It is common enough to think of them as monuments 
which will gratefully perpetuate the memory of those who do 
them, and this is inevitably true; but the minds from which 
they spring do not so intend them. Deeper and mightier 
motives inspire such noble work. It is also easy to see the im- 
mediate benefits which will flow from them, and this is full of 
assurance and encouragement, yet it is far from summing up 
the total outcome. They have their places in the wide sweep 
of patriotic and sanctified labor to make this world a better 


world, to take from the shoulders of mankind something of the 
load that is crushing out life, to drive away some of the clouds 
that make the way of human history dark and dangerous for 
those who must go along its roughest parts, to add some new 
force to the powers that are making for universal good, and to 
unite with the Saviour of mankind in the vast enterprise of hu- 
man redemption. In this larger perspective this hospital had 
its birth, and in this larger setting alone can the meaning of its 
buildings and equipments and ministries be correctly read. 

"While we as citizens of Durham and the recipients of this 
munificent gift cannot and do not wish to restrain self-congrat- 
ulations, yet it may not be amiss to remind ourselves in this 
hour of gratitude and joy that this donation brings to us new 
tasks and demands of us all new and larger fidelity to human 
welfare. It is a true cause for thanksgiving that we have in our 
midst a home where our suffering may receive the ministry of 
wise experts and the patient care of the faithful nurse. But we 
are charged with the care and the support of this superb hos- 
pital, than which there is none better in the South, if there is a 
single one so excellent. The measure of its service will be the 
degree of our fidelity to our duty. If in the place of verbal 
praise we bestow substantial support, we shall not only extend 
good, but we will make our gracious benefactor doubly glad 
that he trusted us. We must keep ourselves reminded that 
out of the success of one effort springs another and a larger 

"Into these elegant halls will come an unbroken line of weak 
and suffering men, women, and children in search of health and 
a longer life. Their faces will be pale and their bodies trembling 
with disease. Some must go down into the operating room, 
where they will come face to face with death. The many ele- 
gant rooms that have been provided with scientific care are 
to be the scenes of sufferings and weary waiting. The glee of 
this happy hour will soon be hushed in behalf of the sick, and 
the groan of pain will take the place of our laughter. When 
we pass along the way in our evening drives, the quiet dignity 
of these buildings should be a message of sympathy addressed 


to our conscience, and not one of us should be so dead to truth 
and mercy as not to hear the voice. To remember our sick out 
here will make us a people with deeper souls, larger hearts, wider 
spirits, and diviner servants. I am much disposed to reckon 
the Watts Hospital into our system of education, where the 
people of Durham are trained in mercy, in human sympathy, 
and Christly love. 

"But far beyond our borders must the service of this institu- 
tion be extended. As the years multiply and the ministry in 
this place goes on, this will become less and less a Durham in- 
stitution. We may to-day call it ours, to-morrow it will as truly 
belong to all this region, and any sick man may equally call 
it his, though he may not be able to speak a word of our lan- 
guage. From this beautiful summit will go forth a light of hope 
that will penetrate into the sick room of the palace and fall 
with cheer on the poor bed of the pale child in the mountain 
cabin. It will shed forth a light that will make clearer the way 
of that heroic servant, the country physician, who toils away 
without facilities to serve the people among whom he lives. 
But far better still, this hilltop will be radiant by day and by 
night with that heavenly light which the Saviour of mankind 
shed nearly two thousand years ago on the hills, in the valleys, 
and along roads of Judea, and which has shone brighter and 
brighter to this good day. Here is an altar of mercy upon which 
the light of His healing grace rests with ceaseless splendor. 

"1 heartily congratulate our people in our city who have so 
many causes to be thankful for the things they have, and to 
show their gratitude by deeds of kindness that shall be known 
and read of all men. 1 congratulate the sick who may come 
hither with confidence and get from this institution all that it 
has to give. I congratulate our faithful physicians that they 
have at their command such rare instruments and agencies to 
do the work to which they have been called and dedicated. I 
congratulate those unselfish women who have given themselves 
to the task of nursing the sick that they have such an elegant 
home, such exceptional opportunities to study their profession, 
and such excellent chances to minister to the suffering. 


"And while I would not mar this hour with words of flattery, 
yet gratitude, justice, and truth unite to demand that I sin- 
cerely congratulate him, our fellow-townsman, Mr. George W. 
Watts, not only that he has come into larger resources of wealth, 
but especially that his heart is rich with the feelings of brother- 
hood, that his ear is open to the groan of the sick, that his eyes 
cannot look undimmed upon the suffering, and that his hand 
cannot shut itself against the call of helpless men. These are 
things that give him a regnant place in the esteem of all good 
men, and while we value as best we can this great plant which 
to-day he gives to us, more than it all we value the man whose 
heart conceived it and whose hand built it, and from him we 
would learn something of the lesson of good will which he seems 
so well fitted to teach. And I am sure that all present and all 
absent will unite truly with me in expressing our assurance of 
esteem for him who has wrought so well among us in the years 
that he has lived in our midst. In every good work he has stood 
in the hottest part of the line of battle, his voice has joined our 
voices in the hymns we sing in our temples of holy worship, his 
prayers have been united with ours that the God of us all would 
keep us in the right way, his fine simplicity of spirit and living 
has made him one of us, while his quiet and steadfast faith in 
Christ has given us an inspiring example of Christian living. 
With gratitude we take his gift, and with joy Vv'e give him, if it 
is possible, a larger place in our thankful hearts." 

The Morning Herald, Durham, North CaroHna, December 3, 1909. 





More than looo people fell over themselves literally this after- 
noon crowding into the varied rooms of the new Watts Hospital 

in their efforts to hear all of the addresses and take their small 
part in the ceremonies that marked its opening. 

Its generous author's formal presentation had a sentence in 
it that indicated a change of community attitude toward sana- 
toriums. When he gave the first hospital that stands next to 
Trinity College, he said he was greatly disappointed in the way 
the people received its advent. A corporate Good Samaritan 
(though he didn't intimate as much) was welcomed, not as an 
inn where the pain-worn traveler stopped for rest, but as a sec- 
ond-rate butcher shop where exquisite tortures were inflicted by 
medical tyros. The donor himself said the first idea of the public 
was that the hospital was a place where men were mutilated, 
mostly by experimentalists, and the public feared them. That 
was a decade and a half ago. He had lived to see interest stim- 
ulated in modern medical science and had been forced to en- 
large his gifts. Later he conceived the present plan, which is a 
finality with to-day's ceremonies. 

In presenting the hospital Mr. Watts first off"ered the deed to 
the property and then laid down a certificate for 1 100,000, which 
will be its first endowment. He followed this with the an- 
nouncement that the institution would need cash, and from 
time to time he meant to furnish it, the amount that a $200,000 
endowment would mean. 

The hospital was received by James H. Southgate in an elo- 
quent resume of a successful life, one which he said has been 
projected rightly in every interest of the city. He spoke of Mr. 
Watts's benefactions here, at Barium Springs Orphanage, Union 
Theological Seminary, and Elizabeth College, all for the com- 
mon good and with no thought of himself. "He belongs to that 
young race of men," Mr. Southgate said, "who in our old Com- 
monwealth Club used to plan, when Durham was but a manu- 
facturing shanty, with the station and the post-office as the 
city's visiting places daily, a young race of men who laid such 
foundations that no one, two, or three generations of men can 
build such superstructures as to crush those foundations. Look 
at that Maryland boy," Mr. Southgate continued, "and see one 
of the State's, one of our nation's, most noble philanthropists." 


Referring to the wave of philanthropy that sweeps the coun- 
try, he said: "Let it roll on. We are living in an age of the 
greatest giving that the world has ever known, and from this 
day let us set apart this magnificent institution that it may pro- 
duce the fruit of soundness in men." 

Mayor Griswold spoke very briefly in accepting the building 
for the Board of Aldermen, declaring that in spite of the popular 
fear of the hospitals, Mr. Watts had announced in his first re- 
port in 1905, marking the tenth year, that the building now 
deserted for the new hospital had grown inadequate. 

County Attorney W. J. Brogden accepted the hospital for 
the county commissioners. He declared that to be truly philan- 
thropic, religion, science, and brotherhood must conspire in the 
human heart. 

Dr. A. C. Jordan, for the Medical Society, praised the gift 
and read resolutions that the Medical Society had passed in 
accepting the gift. The doctor declared that the opening of the 
institution sets a new date in the Durham calendar. The brick 
and mortar in the sanatorium may tell its material worth, but 
he said no estimate of its significance could be made. Faith, 
hope, and love in unmeasured degree are in all of the bricks and 
walls. The gift, he said, imposes the obligation to live up to its 
fine spirit and makes receiving it in itself a high duty. 

Dr. Kilgo said that the builder of this institution did not 
dream of erecting a monument to himself, but had done it any 
way, and "united with the Saviour of mankind in the redemp- 
tion of mankind. The measure of service of this institution will 
be the degree of fidelity to our duty. I wished when 1 penned 
that line that I could rivet it upon your consciences." 

The address of Dr. Kilgo was immediately followed by an in- 
spection of the hospital. 

There was nothing to be added to the day. Fine weather, 
fine interest, short and inspiring addresses, and the simple giv- 
ing that makes one believe that there are folks who are impelled 
to do things from purely altruistic motives, all left the good 
taste in the system that will not leave with the break of crowd. 



The Watts Hospital was designed by the late Bertrand E. 
Taylor, of Boston, who died before it reached completion, and 
was the last of a chain of more than 200 which he erected in this 
and the old countries. It was built by John T. Wilson, of 
Richmond, the builder of the Jefferson Hotel and Mutual Build- 
ing, of Richmond, and many other handsome structures in the 
South. His class of work is almost entirely reinforced con- 
crete, and of this the new Watts Hospital is made entirely, being 
thoroughly fire-proof and of brick where concrete isn't used. 
The main building is three stories, but the accessories are two 
stories, and form now a sort of triangle, and not connected with 
the hospital building except by a kind of arcade. The laundry 
and engine-room are together, the laundry being over the 

The hospital is beautifully situated over a twenty-five-acre 
campus, half a mile west of Trinity College and the highest 
place about the city. It is easily seen by travelers, and even 
at that distance can be seen to be a magnificent institution. 
To the rear of the building Mr. Watts is developing a park of 
twelve or more acres, something that will be a rendezvous for 
those who live there and those who come to be with their sick. 

The sanatorium itself is the admiration of every man who has 
seen it, and there is said generally to be nothing in all the South 
its superior. New Orleans and Baltimore are accredited with 
having no better. Though designed for 175,000 originally, its 
first cost has gone to |2 1 7,000 for site and buildings, and a trip 
through it will relieve any possible impression of extravagance 
in the work. Mr. Watts may be said to have been its superin- 
tendent. The plans were the architect's, but his own mind has 
evolved the structure and equipment to its present degree of 

Mr. Watts has determined to erect next spring a nurses' home, 
which will be in appearance, externally, the exact replica of the 


chanty wards in the building that sits farthest south. When 
completed, the chain will be one beautifully symmetrical, and 
the cost will be run up to $250,000 for buildings alone. 

One lonely ward is set off for the contagious disease patients. 
None of such will be taken, but it can't always be avoided, and 
treatment of such will always be necessary. There is a chemical 
laboratory, a dietitian's room, this lady being an expert in the 
foods allowed convalescents and there for no other purpose. 
There is every other room that anybody ever thought necessary, 
and nobody who has gone through the building has been able 
to make a suggestion as to one of its needs. 


There will be no visible head to the institution. It is as much 
the county's as the city's, and the Durham Medical Society will 
control it. What they do in the way of operations, employment 
of other physicians, and the like will be their own concern. Mr. 
Watts gives this institution to the ill-fortunate of his county 
with the simple recommendation that no worthy poor be shut 
out from its blessings. He builds a nurses' home that none may 
be denied their comfort in their poverty. And all of this is done 
with the true charity that is not puffed up. 

The simple ceremonies which the public witnessed to-day 
were in keeping with his desires. No show at the Academy of 
Music would be permitted, and everything was had at the home 
of the hospital. Representing every phase of life that will have 
actual share in the hospital's blessings there was some one to 
make a speech of acceptance for the gift, which is one of the 
largest that any resident of North Carolina has ever been able to 
make in behalf of the least of men. 

Greensboro Daily News, December 3, 1909. 



"/ am among you as one that serveth" 




'he synod honored itself in the nomination of 
George W. Watts as its Moderator. Dr. Hill 
disqualified a good many of the brethren by say- 
ing that it was necessary, on this occasion of 
feminine numerousness, to have a good-looking 
man as Moderator. There were other pleasant things said about 
Mr. Watts, but what we should like to have understood is that 
the Synod of North Carolina did not elect him because he is a 
rich man who has given of his means to the causes of the church. 
It has recognized what has been known about him for many 
years, his simple, unaiTected piety and Christian zeal. It was not 
the building of a church for his factory employees and friends so 
much as the fact that Sunday after Sunday, year in and year 
out, wet and dry and hot and cold, he is to be found at his post 
teaching a Sunday-school class there. It is not that he has 
made large gifts that could not be kept from the knowledge of 
men, but that the members of the Synod have come to learn 
through the years that he is guilty of left-handed ignorance of 
right-hand beneficence. In these days of the revelation of 
unsavory things about the self-indulgent rich, of dishonest 
things about those who have hasted to be rich, it is refreshing 


to know a man of Mr. Watts's type. And it is the simple truth 
that the Synod, while grateful for his benefactions, is more 
grateful for the abiding influence of his Christian character. 

Presbyterian Standard, Charlotte, North Carolina, November 1, 1905. 



March 25, 1921. 
Mrs. George W. Watts, 
Durham, N. C. 

My dear Mrs. Watts: 

As 1 wrote you a few days ago, our Board has determined to 
confer the Degree of Doctor of Laws upon your husband at the 
approaching commencement of the University, in recognition 
of his outstanding services in the promotion of education and 
the founding of philanthropic and religious institutions. 

At a meeting of the Board held yesterday the recommenda- 
tions previously made were considered and, by unanimous ac- 
tion, the Board decided that the lamented death of Mr. Watts 
should in no way change their intentions, but that the degree 
which had already, in effect, been conferred, should be an- 
nounced on Commencement Day, and the diploma, properly 
engrossed, forwarded to yourself at that time. 

I think that you will be very much interested in learning that 
this is the third Degree of Doctor of Laws given by Oglethorpe 
University, the first being to President Woodrow Wilson, a copy 
of whose acceptance I am enclosing, believing that you would 
like to keep it for historical interest, and the other will be con- 
ferred on Bishop Gailor, who preaches our Baccalaureate Ser- 
mon for us in May. 

The Board asks me to convey to you their genuine sympathy, 
for they, also, are sorrowed by the loss of so good a friend and 
so true and loyal a comrade in this great enterprise. 

Heartily yours, 

Thornwell Jacobs, 




Apavvamis Club, Rye, New York 

Automobile Club of America 

Baltimore Country Club, Baltimore, Md. 

Colonnade Club, University of Virginia 

Commonwealth Club, Durham, N. C. 

^ Country Club, Durham, N. C. 

Quail Roost Gun Club, Durham, N. C. 

Seaview Golf Club, Absecon, N. J. 

Seniors Golf Club, Palm Beach, Fla. 

Tin Whistlers, Pinehurst, N. C. 

Winter Golf League of Advertising Interests, Pinehurst, N. C. 







'And Jems called a little child unto Him and set him in the midst of them' 


;Y ACQUAINTANCE with Mr. Watts reaches 
back full twenty-five years and came about be- 
cause of his interest in the Sunday-school work. 
1 met him first in connection with the Interna- 
^i_^ tional Sunday-school Association. In the early 
days he became a member of the Executive Committee, repre- 
senting the State of North Carolina. According to a ruling that 
was then in force, when anybody had been a member of the 
International Committee for twenty years, he was constituted 
a Life Member. Mr. Watts was elected to this position at the 
Buft'alo Convention, in 1918, indicating that he had served 
twenty years prior to that time. He was always, ever since I 
have known him, officially connected with the Sunday-school 
work of his own State, and was superintendent of his own 
Sunday-school in Durham. 

I have had opportunity to become well acquainted with this 
dear brother through years of fellowship and association, hav- 
ing crossed the ocean and traveled in foreign lands with him. 
This gave me an opportunity to know him in a very intimate 
way. I think I have never known a man in my life, of his finan- 
cial standing in the world and wide connection with great busi- 
ness enterprises, and with all possessing such large ability as 
an administrator of great afi"airs and also as a Christian worker, 
who was as quiet, modest, and retiring as Mr. Watts. While 
he brought great things to pass, he never sought the credit for 

anything he did, but passed it on to others in a gracious way 
that showed the bigness of his heart and his loyalty to his Mas- 
ter, of Whom it was said "He pleased not Himself." 

To know Mr. Watts was to love him. His convictions were 
always strong, and everybody knew he meant just what he said, 
and yet he was tender as a woman, always ready to lend a help- 
ing hand wherever needed. This was shown in his munificent 
gifts for the relief of suffering at home and abroad and his great 
devotion to the missionary enterprises of the church. His 
name will live as long as time lasts, because of his consistent 
Christian life. The influence of such lives never perishes. 

Marion Lawrence, 
Consulting General Secretary, 
International Sunday-school Association. 



We come to-day with one accord to give voice first of all to the 
deep and sore personal loss which has come to every one of us 
in the taking away of him whom we have for the thirty-five 
years of his splendid leadership as our Superintendent looked 
up to and respected and loved as the very heart and soul of our 
school. God, the Father, had first place with him always, and 
he consecrated to His service fully the splendid powers which 
gave him early in life a leading place among the industrial and 
financial leaders of the nation. He was one of the commanding 
leaders of our church, and he devoted not only his means but his 
personal service and thought generously to every feature of the 
church work. 

The Sunday-school, however, made the strongest appeal to 
him. He looked upon it as the institution of the church which 
not only trained the children and led them to God, but he 
thought of it as a great Bible school which was for all the peo- 
ple, a place where all should learn to know God and thus be led to 
love Him and serve Him. With this conception of the supreme 
importance of the work of the Sunday-school, he devoted his 
best thought and interest to it, and so deeply and broadly did 
he think and work in this field that he became years ago one of 
the prominent world Sunday-school leaders. 

He brought to this Sunday-school the vision, inspiration, and 
direction of such a leader, and gave to it in this leadership 
a very distinctive place among the Sunday-schools of this 


The welfare and progress of this school were a passion with 
him, and he never suffered any of his personal or business in- 
terests to interfere with his work here among us. Those of us 
who knew him best felt for years that of all the various activi- 
ties of his life, his work and leadership in this school had the 
first place. His cheering smile and affectionate handclasp for 
thirty-five years made this a happy place for hundreds of girls 
and boys and men and women. 

Promptness, punctuality in meeting every obligation, and 
discharging every task with thoroughness as soon as it came to 
hand, early in life ceased to be senses and became second nature 
to him. He preached these things here and lived them among 
us so perfectly as to bring power to this school, and inspiration 
and blessing and strength to many lives who were privileged to 
touch him here. His vigorous, forceful, vital, and lovable per- 
sonality drew us toward him, and inspired us with impelling 
force to more and more faithful service. His loyalty and devo- 
tion to this school, and, above all, his deep and abiding faith in 
our Lord and his love and service for Him, made this a place 
where little children and men and women learned to love the 
Master and to consecrate their lives to Him in service. 

We come in deep grief and with a profound sense of our un- 
paralleled loss in the death of this noble man of God whom we 
loved so dearly and who has led us so faithfully through all these 
years. We bow, however, in deep submission to the will of the 
Almighty God, and with hearts grateful to Him that He has 
given us through these long years the blessing of the leadership 
of His great servant and of our noble and true friend. We shall 
cherish his memory forever, and we pray God that He may 
give us the strength and will to follow his great example and to 
honor his memory in carrying on the work which has fallen 
from his hands. 

William D. Carmichael, 
Chairman of the Committee. 



Whereas, our highly esteemed and beloved Executive Com- 
mitteeman, George W. Watts, of Durham, passed away on the 
yth day of March, 192 1 ; and whereas, for more than ten years 
he was a faithful, generous, and loyal friend to the North Caro- 
lina Sunday-school Association and to Sunday-school work 
everywhere : 

Therefore, be it Resolved by The North Carolina Sunday- 
school Association in convention assembled: That in the 
death of George W. Watts the North Carolina Sunday-school 
Association has lost a staunch and liberal friend, the State of 
North Carolina a useful and distinguished citizen, and our 
Christian forces a true and faithful leader; 

That a copy of these resolutions be spread upon the minutes 
of this Convention, and a copy sent to the family of our de- 
ceased brother. 

The above resolutions were adopted at the last session of the 
State Sunday-school Convention, Raleigh, North Carolina, 
April 1 2- 1 3- 1 4, 1 92 1. 

General Superintendent. 



Philadelphia, Pa., March ii, 1921. 
Mrs. Sara V. Watts, 
Durham, North Carolina. 

My dear Mrs. Watts: 

Through the International Office I have been advised of the 
death of your good husband. This is indeed a great shock to 
me, as it is to the many Sunday-school workers throughout the 
country who knew your husband and learned to love him. 

My last contact with him was in Tokyo, on the floor of that 
great convention, as we were raising money for the World's 
work. He was greatly interested and enjoyed that service seem- 
ingly more than any of the rest. 

It fell to my lot to make the appeal, and I never will forget 
the good words he gave to me in appreciation of the way in 
which the service was handled. 

It is hard to lose loved ones, and this letter of sympathy, I 
know, is far from being adequate in its consolation, for words 
are such meaningless things at a time like this. However, I do 
want you to know that the friends of your good husband 
suffer this loss with you, and unitedly will hold you tenderly 
in prayer to the Throne of Grace for the strength that you need 
in this hour. 

Mrs. Landes joins me in this letter, and we both commend 
you to the love of our Elder Brother, who knows how to give 
consolation at such a time as this. 

Believe me to be, 

Very sincerely, 

W. G. Landes. 



San Francisco, Cal., 
March 21, 1921. 
Mrs. Geo. W. Watts, 
Durham, N. C. 

Dear Mrs. Watts: 

Just a line to extend the sympathy of the Sunday-school 
workers of California to you and family during your bereave- 
ment. I knew Mr. Watts personally, and he has left a rich in- 
heritance of Christian character to his family. 

Again extending the sympathy of our Sunday-school work- 
ers on the Pacific Coast, and praying God's blessing to rest upon 
you and yours, I remain. 

Sincerely yours, 

C. R. Fisher, 
General Superintendent. 

1^05 2 


Baltimore, Md., 
March 1 1, 1921. 
Mrs. George W. Watts, 
Durham, N. C. 

My dear Mrs. Watts: 

Dr. Pearce informs us that one of the pillars of the Interna- 
tional staff, in the person of your husband, has fallen. A great 
record of a quarter of a century, however, remains. Your hus- 
band could not have been in a greater work, as the Sunday- 
school work is the greatest of which the human mind can con- 

Please accept, therefore, the deepest sympathy of the State 
of Maryland in your bereavement. 

Sincerely yours, 

Abner B. Brown, 
General Secretary. 



Portland, Maine, 
March 1 1, 1921. 
Mrs. Sara V. Watts, 
Durham, N. C. 

My dear Mrs. Watts: 

I have received word this morning through the International 
office at Chicago of the death of your husband, who for so long 
a time was an honored member of the International Executive 

Please accept the sincere regrets and sympathy of the Maine 
State Sunday-school Association. All Association workers will 
feel a deep sense of loss in the passing of your distinguished 

Very sincerely, 

E. H. Brewster, 
General Secretary. 



Oshkosh, Wisconsin, 

March 12, 1921. 
Mrs. Sara V. Watts, 
Durham, North Carolina. 

Dear Mrs. Watts: 

I am just advised by Mr. W. C. Pearce of your sad bereave- 

Any words Vi'hich I might offer seem like formality, but I 
wish you to know that I sympathize with you at this time. 

There is only one source to whom we can go in such times, 
and I am sure the Master would never fail us. 

With very sincere respect, I am. 

Yours very truly, 

William Mainland, 
President, Wisconsin Sunday-school Association. 



Newark, N. J., March 12, 1921. 
Mrs. Sara V. Watts, 
Durham, N. C. 

My dear Mrs. Watts: 

A letter from Mr. Pearce, our Acting General Secretary, 
brings us the sad news of your husband's death. Though it was 
not my privilege to have had fellowship with him personally, I 
have known through our State leaders of his very excellent 
character and work, and want to express the sympathy of the 
State workers of New Jersey as well as my own personally to 
you and say that we share with you the feeling of the loss of a 
great and good man in the Master's Kingdom. 

You of course have the comfort and consciousness of his 
splendid Christian character and the great service he had ren- 
dered to the cause of Christ. 

Commending you to Him Who careth for you, I am, 

Sincerely yours, 

Jos. E. Appley. 





George W. Watts 

The Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees of Union 
Theological Seminary, in session for the first time since the 
death of Mr. George W. Watts, a member of this Committee, de- 
sires to place on record its deep and keen sense of sorrow and be- 
reavement occasioned by his death, which occurred in Durham, 
North Carolina, March 7, 192 1. 

For many years Mr. Watts was the efficient President of the 
Board of Trustees of the Seminary, and in addition to his great 
liberality to the institution he brought to the meetings of the 
Board the benefit of extensive business experience and the force 
of his noble Christian character. 

He was likewise an honored and valued member of this Ex- 
ecutive Committee, and when able to attend the meetings in 
the interval between the Board meetings, by his genial person- 
ality, his fine business sense, his deep interest in the things of 
the kingdom, his large outlook upon the world, he contributed 
much to the results of the deliberations and the wisdom of the 
Committee's actions. 

An earnest and devoted Christian gentleman, an active 
church worker, a most liberal benefactor to the Seminary and 
to all worthy benevolences, known and honored throughout the 
church as well as in his own city, he was a faithful exponent 
of the religion of his Master Whom he served, and his death 
is mourned by the whole church, and especially by this 

Be it Resolved: 

1. That in the death of Mr. Watts the Seminary mourns 
the loss of one who had endeared himself to us all and who 
combined such deep spiritual power with such fine business 
ability which he always used gladly for the Master. 

2. That we bow in humble submission to Him Who doeth 
all things well, and say, "Even so, Father, for so it seemeth 
good in Thy sight." 

3. That we express to Mrs. Watts and to his daughter, Mrs. 
John Sprunt Hill, our deepest sympathy, and "commend them 
to God and to the word of His grace, which is able to build them 
up and give them an inheritance among all them that are sanc- 



The Executive Committee of Foreign Missions desires to put 
on record its profound appreciation of the noble missionary 
spirit of Mr. George W. Watts and of his eminent services to 
the missionary cause. Among his numerous Foreign Mission 
gifts may be mentioned the annual $13,000 which for many 
years he gave for the support of the missionaries of the Soon- 
chun station in Korea, and which eventually he made perma- 
nent by an endowment fund of 1256,600. He also supported 
missionaries in Cuba and Africa, and recently donated $48,000 
as an endowment fund for the permanent support of a mission- 
ary pair in the latter country. 

To all the missionaries he was a loyal and sympathetic friend, 
and in an especial manner to those whom he supported, invari- 
ably and promptly answering their letters and affectionately 
interested in all that concerned them. 

We warmly appreciate and highly value his public testimony, 
given on his return from his recent trip to Korea, that the suc- 
cess and extent of the work there had far exceeded his expecta- 
tions, and that he considered his missionary investment in that 
country the most satisfactory investment he had ever made. 

Throughout the years he has been the constant friend of the 
Executive Committee of Foreign Missions, aiding its work not 
only by his means but by his wise counsel. For several months 
he was a member of the Committee, making monthly the long 
trip from Durham to Nashville and back, and winning the ad- 


miring affection of his fellow-members by the soundness of his 
judgment and the charm of his personality. In their varied 
relations with him the Foreign Mission Committee always 
found him the golden-hearted Christian gentleman, walking 
humbly in the steps and illustrating the spirit of Him Who 
came not to be ministered unto but to minister. 

To his loved ones we express our sincere sympathy in their 
bereavement, and we pray that upon his descendants to the 
third and fourth generation may rest a double portion of his 

Egbert W. Smith, 
Executive Secretary. 





In Memoriam 

George W. Watts, of Durham, North Carolina, 
March 7, 1921 

In the removal by death from the scene of his earthly labors 
of George W. Watts, our beloved and worthy fellovv'-worker, 
the Executive Committee of Flome Missions has lost one of its 
most sympathetic and noblest friends. About ten years ago he 
voluntarily assumed the support of Stuart Robinson School at 
Blackey, Kentucky, and subsequently expressed his purpose at 
the proper time of taking a worthy part in giving this institu- 
tion permanent and adequate equipment in appropriate build- 
ings. Flis benefactions were not confined, however, to this one 
school. On several occasions of his own accord he made sub- 
stantial contributions to the Oklahoma Presbyterian College, 
and in all the great enterprises undertaken by the Home Mis- 
sion Committee he seldom failed to express his interest by gen- 
erous gifts. He did not need to be urged and he did not give 
grudgingly. One of the delightful features of his liberality was 
the cordial and hearty terms in which he expressed his pleasure 
in making his contributions. 

The breadth of his sympathies and the magnanimity of his 
heart did not permit the narrowing of his benefactions to even 
a few worthy causes. He was a public benefactor and a philan- 
thropist of world-wide sympathies. His loss will be felt not 
simply in his community and denomination, but in interna- 
tional spheres and operations. 


To the world he was known for his conspicuous benefactions, 
but to his church and to his wide circle of intimate friends his 
most distinguishing trait was his nobility of character as an ideal 
Christian gentleman. 

"His life was gentle, and the elements 
So mixed in him, that Nature might stand up 
And say to all the world, 'This was a man.' " 

With mingled emotions of sorrow and gladness the Executive 
Committee records its profound appreciation of his generosity 
to its work and its high appraisement of his Christian character. 


That we accept with sincere gratitude his generous bequest 
to the Executive Committee, and that the same be set aside as a 
Permanent Fund and designated "The George W. Watts Foun- 
dation" for carrying on the mission supported by him during 
his earthly life. 

That this Memorial be entered on our records as the expres- 
sion of our testimony to his genuine worth as a man and a 
benefactor for the benefit of future generations — an example 
of the highest ideals of Christian life. 

That a copy of this Memorial be furnished his bereaved fam- 
ily with the assurance of our tender sympathy in this their 
sorrow, shared alike by us and the whole church. 

Unanimously adopted by the Executive Committee in its 
regular monthly session, April 12, 1921. 

S. L. Morris, 



The Laymen's Convention of the Presbyterian Church in 
the United States, in session at Greenville, South Carolina, has 
heard with great sorrow of the death of Mr. George W. Watts. 

We feel that a prince and great man in Israel has fallen this 

We would record our high estimate of his character, our pro- 
found gratitude for his noble service to our church, and our 
deep sorrow at his loss to our work. Every department of our 
church work has felt the inspiration of his service, the blessing 
of his mature judgment, and the help of his princely gifts. 

We extend to his bereaved family our most sincere sympathy 
in their sore loss. 

May the God of all grace most tenderly comfort them. 

C. A. Rowland, 





The Board of Directors of Mission Court has since its last 
meeting sustained a heavy loss in the death of Mr. George W. 
Watts, a member of this body from the time of its organization. 
His great abilities, his wisdom in counsel, his deep interest in 
missions, and his concern for the well-being of our workers in 
foreign lands made him a specially valuable member of an or- 
ganization which has for its object the promotion of the health, 
comfort, and efficiency of our devoted missionaries. We lament 
the loss of a colleague of large vision and loving heart and liberal 
hand, a truly great servant of God, honored and beloved by all 
who knew him. We record our gratitude for all that he did for 
the cause of foreign missions; we rejoice in his example and his 
abiding influence, and we pray that we who remain may emu- 
late his consecration and zeal in carrying out the Great Com- 

Mrs. George Randolph Cannon, 




Inasmuch as our Heavenly Father hath removed from our 
midst by death Ruling Elder George W. Watts, this Session, of 
which he was an honored and esteemed member for thirty-two 
years, hereby records : 

First. Its humble submission to the wisdom of God in call- 
ing our beloved brother to that rest which remaineth for the 
people of God. 

Second. After years of close and intimate fellowship and 
service with him, we express our profound conviction that God 
gives to the church few men, either as members or officers, who 
are so devoted to duty or faithful and efficient in service as our 
departed brother was. 

Third. We esteemed him for his wise counsel and broad 
vision regarding the Master's Kingdom at home and abroad, 
and having depended on his prudent judgment so many years, 
we keenly feel our loss and deeply mourn his departure. 

Fourth. It is the sense of this Session that his splendid in- 
fluence and example will abide for years in the hearts and lives 
of this people whom he loved and for whom he spent and was 
spent freely. 

Fifth. We hereby record our deep conviction that his in- 
telligent interest in the outer provinces of our Lord's Kingdom 
has done much to arouse and stimulate an abiding interest in 
the cause of both Home and Foreign Missions. 

Sixth. His unfailing interest in the young, especially in the 



Sunday-school, has left a deep, earnest, spiritual impression, 
not only on those of his own generation, but through a genera- 
tion now arising who call him blessed. 

Seventh. We express our deep sympathy to his family, and 
commend them to the gentle care and abundant love and com- 
fort of our Heavenly Father. 

Subscribed by 

David Scanlon, Moderator. 
J. R. Patton, Clerk of Session. 





At a meeting of the Board of Deacons of the First Presbyterian 
Church, of Durham, the following resolutions were adopted: 

The death of George W. Watts brings him a reward for which 
he had labored throughout his life, the priceless inheritance of 
a place among God's elect; but as our friend and co-worker, 
his passing causes us the very deepest sorrow and a full realiza- 
tion of our great personal loss. 

From the very earliest period of life he heard the call of 
Christ, "Follow Me," and until the end was a consistent disci- 
ple of the Master. His great soul was the key to the earthly 
possessions with which God had blessed him, and at home and 
abroad he spent his life in spreading the Gospel and helping 
those who could not help themselves. 

Few men have lived who reached the heights of Christian 
development as did our departed friend and associate. We 
can exalt his memory best by undertaking to carry on the work 
which was so close to his heart, and this we do under the in- 
spiring influence and example he set before us in life. 

We extend to the bereaved family our deep sympathy and 
direct that a copy of these resolutions be sent to them, and a 
copy spread upon the minutes of this Board. 

T. C. Worth, 
W. G. Bramham, 



First Presbyterian Church (the Second Church) 
and Sundav-school 


Durham, N. C, 
April 9, 1 92 1. 
My dear Mrs. Watts: 

The members of Circle No. 6 of the Woman's Auxiliary of 
1920 and 1 92 1 wish to express to you their love and sympathy 
in your recent great sorrow and bereavement. Such lives are 
greatly missed, but leave behind them an inspiration and an 
incentive to those coming after, to give forth their noblest pow- 
ers in the channels of truth and righteousness. He lives with 
us still with an influence that will continue in force as long as 
memory endures. 

Yours with much love and sympathy, 

Etta F. Murray, 



The Annie Louise Cottage was built and furnished by Mr. 
G. W. Watts and named in honor of his only child, Miss Annie 
Louise. The little girls, the baby girls, live in that house now; 
but when it was first built, when Miss Annie Louise was herself 
a girl, it was the only house we had for girls. The dolls in the 
house were named Annie Louise; when these little ladies put 
on long dresses and played grown-up, they called themselves 
Annie Louise. On the night of Miss Annie Louise's marriage 
in Durham, the Annie Louise Cottage was made to look very 
beautiful. A light was hung in every Vv'indow, and just at the 
time of the ceremony prayer service was held by the little people 
here. Then the little girls played getting married and being 
Mrs. Hill. When a son was born to Mr. and Mrs. Hill, Mr. 
Watts, the grandfather of the baby, made a handsome dona- 
tion to the home, and the father of the little boy has since kept 
up this generous birthday donation. The little girls felt almost 
that this baby, George Watts Hill, belonged to them. They 
were told if they always remembered his birthday and reminded 
the superintendent a few days before, they might have a holiday 
in their house. The twenty-seventh of October is the birthday, 
and it came on Sunday this time, but the little girls celebrated 
on Monday. They had a glorious time all day, and were allowed 
to decorate the playroom for the party. The guests were aston- 
ished when they came in the evening and found that the decorat- 
ing in the playroom had been by the little girls themselves. It 
was a literal bower of autumn leaves. How the little hands had 
reached so high and had succeeded in making the beautiful 
branches stay there was a marvel to every one. The sitting- 
room had been converted into a dining-room, but wee ladies 

rn IT rirl ^r-fe,^ 


hadn't had one peep into it. When the door was thrown open 
and they were ushered in, it was all so beautiful they couldn't 
restrain their exclamations. Autumn leaves had been used by 
older hands for decorations in there. The room was lighted with 
candles. In the center of the room were two large round tables, 
and the rest of the space was filled with smaller tables. A color- 
scheme was carried out in red and yellow. Unless you have 
tried it, you can't think how beautiful this can be made with 
autumn leaves. The first course consisted of chicken cro- 
quettes, beaten biscuit, cheese sandwiches, pickle, and coffee; 
for the second, fruit, salad, and cake were served. At each place 
were dainty souvenirs made of gilded nut shells tied with red 
ribbon. When these were opened a picture of little Watts was 
found. Nothing throughout the whole day pleased the little 
girls so thoroughly. It was a happy party of children. We said 
an early good night, remembering that they never keep late 
hours. The small boys at Synod's Cottage wished that Synod 
had a birthday. 



October 1 1, 1921. 

The Board of Regents, in session at Barium Springs, October 
II, 1 92 1, wish to record our appreciation of the late George W. 
Watts, of Durham. We were deeply grieved at his death, and 
wish to bear testimony to the interest he manifested in the Or- 
phanage and the great value that his life was to this institution. 
The interest he manifested was a great inspiration to all those 
who love the home and recognize its value to the fatherless chil- 
dren of our State. 

We wish to express to his wife and daughter our deepest and 
most heartfelt sympathy, and pray that the Father of mercies 
and the God of all comfort will be their stay. 

The interest he manifested in the home, the gifts that he 
made during his lifetime, and the legacy he left in his will will 
continue to bear fruit in the lives of those who have been de- 
prived of parental care. 

Signed by the Board of Regents, 

R. A. Lapsley, Jr., President. 
Mrs. W. B. Ramsey, Secretary. 



George Washington Watts 


The Board of Trustees of Davidson College desires to place 
upon its record its appreciation of George Washington Watts, 
who entered into richly earned rest at Durham, North Carolina, 
March 7, 1921. 

Reared in a Christian home, receiving the stamp of academic 
culture in his training, Mr. Watts brought to bear upon the 
problems of his business career, upon which he early entered, 
the powers of a well-trained mind, a balanced judgment, and 
thoroughgoing integrity that won for him a commanding posi- 
tion among those who have directed the business interests of 
the South in its most formative and critical period. 

From the beginning of his career Mr. Watts was inspired by 
a spirit of service that led him to devote his talents and tre- 
mendous energy to the upbuilding of the city of his adoption. 
And he left upon its every civic interest the stamp of his per- 

The center of his interests, however, was his church. Its 
noble edifice and well-equipped Sunday-school building are a 
monument to his generosity. But George Watts's life of service 
as Sunday-school teacher, superintendent, lay worker, ruling 
elder, humble Christian gentleman was his best and most last- 
ing gift to his church and community. 

Such a life could not be confined to the environment of city 
or local congregation, and his constructive brain grasped the 

vital importance of missions and education to the extension of 
the kingdom of God. 

He gave with unstinted generosity, not only his money, but 
his best thought, to the most remote mission fields, and thou- 
sands whom he never saw welcomed him on the other side as 
God's instrument in their redemption. 

It was, however, in the field of education that he recognized 
the largest opportunities for constructive service. And as 
Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Union Theological Sem- 
inary he was recognized as the guiding spirit in the plans that 
have placed that institution in the foremost rank among Amer- 
ican seminaries. 

Grasping the vital relation of Christian colleges to the king- 
dom of God, Mr. Watts devoted his fortune to princely gifts and 
his time and energy to the schools and colleges of the church. 
He recognized that Davidson College was an opportunity for 
exceptional service to the whole church, both at home and 
abroad, and as trustee, benefactor, and loyal friend he gave 
to the College his very best. 

In placing upon record their appreciation of Mr. Watts, the 
Trustees would accept as their own the tribute paid by one of 
the College's most distinguished alumni: "No other preemi- 
nently successful man of our time has exemplified more strik- 
ingly than Mr. Watts the right combination of business capacity 
and Christian character. He was, indeed, a remarkable busi- 
ness man; but the beautiful thing is that his nature was not 
dwarfed but enlarged by his devotion to business. The key to 
his character was his religion; the core of his character was his 
faith in God." 



The Trustees of Agnes Scott College have learned with sor- 
row of the death of Mr. George W. Watts, and they wish to 
express their appreciation of the splendid service which he ren- 
dered to the causes of Christian education and spreading the 
Gospel throughout the world. The Trustees would especially 
record with gratitude his friendly interest in Agnes Scott Col- 
lege and his financial help in one of the crises of our history. 
Their sincerest sympathy is hereby extended to his loved ones 
in this hour of bereavement. 

F. H. Gaines, 
Secretary of Board. 



Whereas death has claimed George Washington Watts, an 
eminent citizen of Durham whose noble benefaction has made 
it possible to have in this community the splendid institution 
for the relief of suffering which bears his name, now, therefore, 
be it resolved that in his death 

First. The Medical and Surgical Staff of Watts Hospital 
has sustained the loss of a generous friend who was ever ready 
to cooperate with them in furthering the efficiency of their 

Second. The City of Durham and the State of North Caro- 
lina have lost a citizen whose heart was ever responsive to the 
call of suffering and stricken humanity from all the walks of life. 

Third. That while we extend our sympathy to his family in 
their sorrow, yet we rejoice in the heritage of the memory of a 
life of beautiful deeds which he has bequeathed them. 

Fourth. That a copy of these resolutions be spread on our 
records and a copy be forwarded to his family. 

Robert L. Felts, 
B. U. Brooks, 
N. D. Bitting, 



"The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away: blessed be the name 
of the Lord" 


On the death of Mr. George Washington Watts 

It is with a sense of personal loss and deep grief that we, the 
Board of Trustees of Watts Hospital, take official cognizance 
of the death of the President of the Board, Mr. George Wash- 
ington Watts. We esteem it, however, a sacred duty and a 
great privilege to bear testimony at this sad moment to his 
noble life and his unselfish service to his fellow-men as revealed 
in his activity on our Board. For his tender sympathy with 
his suffering fellow-men and his constant, unostentatious. 
Christian concern in their behalf, so strikingly evidenced in his 
unfailing interest in the hospital he founded for their relief, we 
herewith express our unbounded admiration. We, likewise, 
pay sincere tribute to his benevolent and wise generosity in 
establishing and maintaining up to his death the institution for 
human relief which will cause thousands through the oncoming 
years to cherish his name in loving esteem and tender gratitude. 
Inspired by his example and his spirit we pledge ourselves 
to minister the trust he has left to our care with due regard to 
his wishes and in accord with his high ideals as to what the 
Watts Hospital should become. 

We order that a page in our minute-book be inscribed to his 
memory and that a copy of this expression of our sorrow and 
esteem be sent to the bereaved family, to whom we extend our 
deep sympathy. 

Wm. H. Wannamaker, 
John F. Wily, 


T. B. Fuller, 




My dear Mrs. Watts: 

In the death of Mr. Watts, whose sympathy, loving-kindness, 
and generosity have contributed so largely to suffering human- 
ity in our town and community, by donating to us and endow- 
ing Watts Hospital, each member of the Lady Board of Visitors 
grieves with his family. To the hospital his loss is irreparable. 
His influence and personality inspired every one connected with 
this institution to do their best, and only by endeavoring to live 
up to his standards can those in authority attain the ideals upon 
which he had planned its future. Our aim will be to strive to 
accomplish what he would have us do. 

The Board of Lady Visitors wishes to express to you their 
loving sympathy in this bereavement and a desire to serve. 
May God's blessing abide with you always! 

April 10. 

LiDA D. Angier, 
Margaret C. Carr, 
Emily N. Michie. 



Whereas, the Young Men's Christian Association of the City 
of Durham, North Carolina, regrets the death and loss of its 
devoted friend Mr. George W. Watts, a citizen whose life and 
activities in our midst were such as to reflect the highest ideals 
of Christian citizenship, and 

Whereas, this institution, since its creation, has always had 
the whole-hearted support of Mr. Watts, morally, spiritually, 
and financially, and 

Whereas, as an evidence of his belief in the perpetuation of 
the work, needs, and usefulness of the Young Men's Christian 
Association in the City of Durham he bequeathed to this in- 
stitution the sum of |io,ooo. 

Therefore be it Resolved, that in memory of the support and 
service rendered by Mr. Watts to this Association, reflecting at 
all times his high ideals of Christian manhood, this Association 
create a fund to be known as The George W. Watts Endow- 
ment, to consist of the bequest made by Mr. Watts, the same to 
remain intact and the interest only to be applied to the mainte- 
nance charges of the Association. 

G. Frank Warner, 
General Secretary. 


Durham, N. C. 

March 21, 1921, 

Mrs. Geo. W. Watts, 
Durham, N. C. 

My dear Mrs. Watts: 

At a recent meeting of the Board of Directors of the Young 
Women's Christian Association I was requested to express to 
you their sympathy in your great bereavement. 

To their individual sorrow is added a deep sense of the col- 
lective loss which they are sharing with the city's various or- 
ganizations; it will be hard, indeed, to fill the place of a man 
like Mr. Watts, who, with highest ideals for his community's 
good, actually identified himself with every movement tending 
to the converting of those ideals into practicalities, and who 
consistently furnished an example of devoted, conscientious 

With sincere appreciation of his splendid life, and with a 
lasting sense of the irreparable loss caused by his death, I am. 
Sincerely yours, 

Mrs. J. E. Driscoll, 
Recording Secretary. 





O O 


'He that handleth a matter wisely shall find good" 


Chamber of Commerce, having heard with great 
sorrow of the death of our former fellow- 
member Mr. George W. Watts, and desiring to 
place upon record a testimonial of our regard 
for him, do now in regular session assembled: 

Resolve, that in the death of Mr. Watts we feel that Durham 
has lost one of its most loyal and useful citizens, whose life was 
inspired by the highest ideals of public duty, personal honor, 
and civic righteousness. His splendid concept of good citizen- 
ship, purity in all walks of life, and devotion to the cause of 
humanity will always remain as a memorial to his well spent 
life and as an inspiration to those who were privileged to know 

We desire also to give expression to the indebtedness we feel 
as a community for his many wise, liberal, and beneficent deeds 
and to our admiration of the high standards of business, social, 
and religious conduct that characterized his entire life. To us 
he exemplified the best type of Christian gentleman. Our asso- 
ciation with him as a member of this Board was a forceful in- 
fluence, inspiring us to endeavor to perpetuate in this com- 
munity the noble and worthy things for which his life was spent. 
Resolved further, that a copy of this resolution be sent to 
the family of Mr. Watts. 


At a regular meeting of the Board of Aldermen, the under- 
signed committee was appointed to draft a Memorial express- 
ing the great loss the City has sustained in the death of George 
W. Watts, who for many years was a distinguished and honored 
citizen of Durham and a Trustee of the Sinking Fund which 
from year to year had been created to retire the bonded indebt- 
edness of the City : 

Resolved, that in the passing of this distinguished man from 
the business, social, and religious activities of life to the higher 
life above, Durham has sustained an irreparable loss. Mr. 
Watts was indeed an humble follower of his Master, and used 
the wealth which his business sagacity, honesty, and integrity 
had gained for him to advance the Kingdom of God on earth. 
His charities were numerous and were directed through those 
channels which his fine spirituality and judgment suggested 
would accomplish the most good. Thus he builded and endowed 
the magnificent Watts Hospital, which will live on through the 
ages, a memorial to his generosity and sympathy for suffering 
humanity. Directed by the same spirituality, he provided a 
fund which would be perpetually used to carry forward mission 
work in difi'erent parts of the world, in order that the heathen 
may learn of that religion Vv'hich tells us of the glorious resur- 
rection prepared for those who love the Lord. 

Resolved, that a copy of this Memorial be spread upon the 
minutes of this meeting, a copy be sent to the family, expressing 
the sympathy of the Board, and one to the newspapers of the 
city for publication. 

Durham, N. C, March 17, 1921. 

John M. Manning, 
John T. Salmon, 
'W. T. Minor, 



DURHAM LODGE, B. P. O. E. No. 568 

Mrs. George W. Watts, 
Durham, N. C. 

Dear Madam: 

At a recent meeting of Durham Lodge of the Benevolent and 
Protective Order of Elks the undersigned committee was di- 
rected to convey to you in this form the sentiments of the Lodge 
upon the recent death of your husband. 

The members of this organization feel that in the death of 
Mr. Watts they and the entire community have lost a friend, 
a man whose whole life was inspired by feelings of benevolence 
and love for his fellow-beings. His long and useful life in our 
community has always been an inspiration to the men of our 
fraternity. We regarded him as an ideal citizen, and in his 
death we wish to tender you our sincere sympathy and con- 

The wise and judicious gifts which he has made to worthy 
organizations in the city and elsewhere are a perpetual memo- 
rial to the love and tender regard he had for humanity. 

As a fraternal organization we share with you the feelings 
of loss in his death, and assure you again of our sympathy. 

Very respectfully, 

W. G. Wegener, 
J. W. Spransey, 
R. H. Sykes, 




[copy OF resolutions] 
April 21, 1 92 1 

Resolved that this Board receive with profound sorrow the 
announcement of the death of Mr. George W. Watts, at his 
home in Durham, North Carolina, on March 7, 1921. 

Mr. Watts was born at Cumberland, Maryland, on August 
18, 1851, son of Gerard S. and Annie E. Watts. He was reared 
in Baltimore, Maryland, attending the public schools in that 
city from 1859 to 1868, and from 1868 to 1871 he was a student 
of civil engineering in the University of Virginia. From 1871 
to 1878 he was associated with the tobacco firm of G. S. Watts 
& Co., and later aided in the organization and management of 
W. Duke Sons & Co., at Durham, North Carolina, in which 
company he became a stock-holder and served as Secretary and 
Treasurer. Mr. Watts was also interested in many other enter- 
prises throughout North Carolina and the South. 

Mr. Watts was elected a director of the Seaboard Air Line 
Railway on March 26, 1902, and served the Company continu- 
ously in the capacity of director for nineteen years. 

His breadth of view, clearness of perception, accuracy of 
judgment, and above all his correctness of intention and fine 
sense of honor, commanded confidence and gave force and ef- 
fectiveness to his counsel and direction. 

He was modest in his estimate of his own powers without 
being distrustful of them, generous in his appreciation of his 
associates, and just in all his relations with them. 

Mr. Watts was one of the leading philanthropists of the 

country, and contributed very largely to religious work both in 
this country and abroad. 

On behalf of the stock-holders, whose interests he well served, 
and of the members of this Board, who greatly admired him, 
we now place on our records our regret at the loss of Mr. Watts, 
and offer to his bereaved family our sincere sympathy. 

Resolved, that this Memorial be spread upon the minutes 
of the Board and that a copy be sent to Mr. Watts's family. 

I hereby certify that the foregoing is a true and correct copy 
of resolutions adopted by the Board of Directors of the Sea- 
board Air Line Railway Company at a meeting held at New 
York, N. Y., on April 21, 1921. 

Robert L. Nutt, 






The Board of Directors of Virginia-Carolina Chemical Com- 
pany sorrowfully here records the death of Mr. George W. 
Watts, a member of this Board since 1890. 

Mr. Watts was a successful man of business and a distin- 
guished citizen of the State of North Carolina. 

He was born in Maryland and his early training was had 
among old-time Baltimore merchants. 

When a young man he moved to North Carolina, where his 
talents and public spirit found scope in the development of the 
resources of his adopted State and Section and in augmenting 
the welfare of its citizens. Moreover, Mr. Watts was faithful 
to the tenets of his church and most generous in the practice of 
good works. 

His relations to this Company were marked by a high sense 
of duty, and he was a good and loyal friend of our late Presi- 
dent, Mr. Samuel T. Morgan, for many years. 

Mr. Watts's death deprives us of a friendly personality and 
of a capable associate. 

C. T. Wilson, President. 
S. D. Crenshaw, Secretary. 

I '40-2 



We, the Associate Members of the Board of Directors of the 
RepubHc Iron & Steel Company, have assembled in special ses- 
sion, this 1 6th day of March, 1921, to acknowledge and make 
of record the high personal character and business ability of our 
late friend and associate, George W. Watts, and to express our 
sense of deep regret over the loss of the personal association 
we have sustained through his death. 

Our co-worker became a Director of this Company in the 
year 1918 and served us continuously and faithfully in that 
capacity to the time of his death. His fidelity to duty was char- 
acterized by personal sacrifice; as a counselor he was cautious 
and prudent, and clear-sighted to a degree. As a friend he was 
generous and kind-hearted. In his death the Company loses 
the benefit of his broad business experience and initiative. In 
recognition of his services, business attainments, and of his 
personal friendship we do hereby 

Resolve, that a page on the minutes of the Board of Directors 
be set apart for the enrolment of this testimonial. 

We do further Resolve, that to the wife and daughter of our 
departed friend we tender our deepest sympathy, and beg to 
express the hope that their great grief may be lightened to some 
degree by this earnest expression of our high regard for the 
husband and father whom they have lost. 

John Topping, 


Richard Laws, Jr., 






Whereas, the death of Mr. George W. Watts has removed from 
our Board one of its most efficient and valued members, one 
who for many years has aided the Bank by his counsel, his finan- 
cial aid, and by his loyal and untiring efforts to build up this 
institution in every way. 

Therefore, he it Resolved: That we deplore the loss of Mr. 
Watts to this Board on account of his prudent counsel, his wide- 
spread influence, and his foresight and skill as a banker. We 
mourn the loss of a companion who was always bright and 
cheerful, a friendly man, who did not in the turmoil and stress 
of business relations forget those finer feelings of esteem and 
respect by which he was held by his associates, and which he 
ever tendered to them, thereby maintaining a tie that has 
cemented the Directors of this Bank together by a spirit of 
cooperation that has been of great value to the institution; 

Resolved further: That we deplore the death of Mr. Watts 
as removing from this community one of its finest citizens, an 
example of high Christian character, a man of lofty ideals and 
of wide-spread benevolences, always true to the best in civic 
and industrial life, and whose consistent honesty and integrity 
has adorned a long life of usefulness in our city. We unani- 
mously adopt these resolutions as an expression of our loss, and 
direct that a copy be spread on the records of this Bank, and a 
copy be furnished the bereaved family with our sincere sym- 
pathy to them in their affliction. 

T. B. Fuller, 
Jno. F. Wily, 
Jones Fuller, 
E. K. PowE. 

i:'42 3 


[Copy of Resolutions] 

Resolved, that this Board receives with profound sorrow the 
announcement of the death of Mr. George W. Watts, at his 
home in Durham, North CaroHna, on March 7, 1921. 

Mr. Watts was elected a Director of Durham Loan & Trust 
Company at the organization of the Company in the year 1904, 
and served continuously in that capacity until his death. 

While serving as a Director of Durham Loan & Trust Com- 
pany he brought to that institution the benefit of his great ex- 
perience and accurate judgment in business affairs, as well as 
his uprightness of character, fairness of dealing, and far-seeing 

Mr. Watts was also at all times the friend who did so much 
to create the feeling of unity and mutual confidence that has 
been so invaluable to the life of this institution. 

On behalf of the stock-holders, whose interests he well served, 
and of the members of this Board, we now place on our records 
our regret at the loss of Mr. Watts, and offer to the bereaved 
family our sincere sympathy. 

Resolved, that this memorial be spread upon the minutes of 
the Board and that a copy be sent to Mr. Watts's family. 

(Signed) T. C. Worth, 

E. A. Seeman, 

F. L. Fuller, Jr. 


[Resolutions of Respect] 

A man's faith in small things often demonstrates his sound 
wisdom and keen intellect. This was fully manifested in the 
life and character of George Washington Watts. With him 
thrift and saving were virtues not to be despised but fondly 
cultivated and nurtured. The Home Savings Bank was cre- 
ated under and by virtue of the laws of the State of North Caro- 
lina in 1903, with its office and place of business in the City of 
Durham, and Mr. George W. Watts became its President and 
was its controlling stock-holder at the time its doors were 
opened to the public. 

The Bank at that time seemed to be a small institution in 
comparison with the large and modern banking institutions, 
and it was at that time that Mr. Watts had begun to reah .- 
that "Great oaks from little acorns grow." While Mr. Watts 
was the owner of the majority shares of the stock of the Home 
Savings Bank, he did not seek to dominate its affairs and alone 
fix its policies. He was always desirous that the small stock- 
holders should attend the meetings and fully set forth their 

Mr. Watts had accumulated a large part of his holdings by 
the practice of the strictest thrift. He was eager to make 
money, but he was more zealous in his determined efforts to 
save. He felt that the average man — the man who works for 
his daily bread — ought to be a saving man, and that a bank 
which thoroughly encouraged the accumulation of savings was 
an institution which could prove to be a real factor in the up- 
building of the community life. 

Mr. Watts left the details of the management of the Home 

Savings Bank to others, though he took a personal pride and 
pleasure in attending the annual meeting of the stock-holders 
and presiding over the frequent sessions of the Board of Direc- 
tors. From the founding of the Home Savings Bank until his 
death Mr. Watts was the first and only President of said insti- 
tution. The establishment of this Bank but extended his right 
arm of helpfulness and usefulness to people who desired to help 

It is now, therefore, Resolved by the Board of Directors and 
the stock-holders, by and through the Special Committee, that 
the Home Savings Bank has lost a valuable and experienced 
President who always served its best interests without salary 
or hope of pecuniary reward; a director who gladly cooperated 
with his fellow-directors to determine the best policies for the 
institution; and a stock-holder who was unselfish enough to 
take a personal pride in seeing the Bank grow as a community 
builder instead of a money maker. 

It is further ordered and directed that a page of the minutes 
of the meetings of the stock-holders and of the Board of Di- 
rectors be set apart in honor of the memory of said George 
Washington Watts; that a copy of these resolutions be spread 
! full thereon; and that a certified copy thereof be forwarded 
by the cashier of the Home Savings Bank to the widow of our 
beloved fellow-worker. 

Alphonsus Cobb, 
d. w. sorrell, 
F. T. Rollins. 





Whereas our beloved Vice-President, Mr. George W. Watts, 
was called to his final reward on March 7, 1921, 

Resolved that we, the Board of Directors of this Company, 
go on record at this time in expressing our deep distress at his 
death. For nearly twenty-nine years, beginning with the or- 
ganization of this Company, he served as its Vice-President, 
and by his wise counsel and active interest, and high ideals 
which dominated his life, he was of marked assistance in the 
establishment of the policies of this Company and in the eleva- 
tion of its standards, and his advice was many times sought by 
the active management of the Company and found most help- 
ful. His noble Christian life was an inspiration to the entire 
community, and his example did much good among our mill 
people. We feel that this Company was rarely fortunate in 
having him through so many years as an officer and director, 
and it was with the deepest regret, and with a sense of profound 
loss, both in a personal and business way, that we heard of his 

Resolved that a copy of these resolutions be mailed to his 
family and spread upon the minutes of this meeting. 

B. N. Duke, President. 

W. A. Erwin, Secretary and Treasurer. 



Resolved by the Board of Directors of the Locke Cotton Mills 
Company in special meeting on this, the 24th day of June, 1 92 1 , 
a quorum being present, that the members of our Board feel a 
deep personal loss in the absence of our much esteemed and 
valued former member of this board, Mr. George W. Watts, 
who answered our Heavenly Father's summons since our last 
meeting. That our Company in the passing of our associate 
has lost a valuable, sympathetic, and ever cheerful and wise 
counselor from its Board of Directors and in his official capac- 
ity as Vice-President. That we shall cherish his memory and 
ever keep fresh the example of his pure and unselfish character. 
Resolved that these resolutions be spread upon our records 
and a copy of same be transmitted by our Secretary to his 
widow and his daughter, Mrs. John Sprunt Hill. 


By Thos. H. Webb, 
Secretary and Treasurer. 



Resolved by the Directors of the Pearl Cotton Mills in meet- 
ing April 25, 1 92 1, that in the passing away of our President, 
Mr. George W. Watts, on the 7th of March, 1921, our Cor- 
poration has lost its most honored official head. Through all 
the years of his intimate connection with our Corporation we 
have seen his genial smile and felt his sympathetic touch, and 
his death has brought the deepest sense of sorrow to our Board 
of Directors and stock-holders. The people who serve these 
mills and all who live in this community have been blessed by 
his unfailing interest in, and devoted and untiring administra- 
tions through, the church and Sunday-school, from which he 
never absented himself on the afternoon of Sundays when it 
was practicable for him to be present. Through his teachings 
and in the example of his godly life he cheered and blessed all 
with whom he came in contact, regardless of creed or church 
affiliation; be it therefore further 

Resolved, that our Board of Directors, stock-holders, and 
associates of this community shall deeply feel his loss, and ever 
be blessed through loving memory of this godly man and wise 

Resolved, that this testimony of him be spread upon our 
records and a copy of same be sent to his bereaved wife and 

J. Harper Erwin, 
Secretary and Treasurer. 



Whereas Mr. George W. Watts has been for many years con- 
nected with the Golden Belt Manufacturing Company in the 
capacity of Vice-President and Director, 

Therefore he it Resolved that in his death we have lost one 
of our most respected and beloved Directors, one whose per- 
sonality has endeared him to us all, and whose attendance at 
the meetings of this Board has been a source of pleasure and 
benefit to us. We therefore extend our sympathy to his be- 
reaved family in their affliction and spread these resolutions on 
our minutes to perpetuate our sorrow in his death. 

T. B. Fuller, 
John F. Wily, 





'He was a good man, and full of the Holy Spirit, and of faith' 


Main and Roxboro Streets, Durham, N. C. 

Rev. David H. Scanlon, Ph.D., Minister 

Ruling Elder in this Church July 7, 1889, to March 7, 1921 

^EW men attain the life of fuller purpose as did 
our beloved brother who ascended from our 
midst, the past week, to enter upon his promised 

The Father trusted him with princely posses- 
sions because he was a wise steward in that he was constantly 
sending them on ahead by investing them in spiritual pro- 

But what he was was far greater than anything that he ever 
did. His largest possession was the manner of his life — strong, 
gentle, trustful, the soul of honor and integrity, the kind of a 
man that enjoys constant companionship and fellowship with 
Christ, and lives it out in his daily life and in all his relation- 
ships between man and man. 

Truly, he brought the faithfulness of Christ to every duty 
and the tenderness of Christ to every relationship. 

He was modest and simple in his mode of living, and yet the 
evidence of an elegant Christian gentleman was never lacking. 


This church and all its activities shall, for years to come, show 
the reflection of his helpful life and service. 

No child has passed through this Sunday-school without re- 
membering the cordial hand-shake of this prince among men, 
and no weary soul ever sought in vain the consolations of this 
Great Heart. 

The ends of the earth have been blessed by his having passed 
this way. 

"God's finger touched him, and he slept." 

"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord, — they rest from 
their labours, and their works do follow them." 






There is no death — 

They only truly live 

Who pass into the land beyond, and see 

This earth is but a school-preparation 

For larger ministry. 

We call them "dead" — 

But they look back and smile 

At our dead living in the bonds of flesh, 

And do rejoice that in so short a while 

Our soul will slip the leash. 

There is no death 

To those whose hearts are set 

On higher things than this life can afford; 

How shall their passing leave one least regret. 

Who go to join their Lord? 

— John Oxenham. 


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